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10 History

medieval names and instruments

Pope Gregory 1 chants were collected and organised, so Gregorian chant was named for him
Liber Usualis Written collection of Ordinary chants from the Mass, as well as some Proper ones e.g. baptism
Musica Enchiriadis 9th century handbook of collected chants, demonstrating how to . Earliest examples of written polyphony and parallel organum.
Hildegard von Bingen A nun, writer, composer, visionary. She created a new genre, the morality play, when she wrote Ordo Virtutem
Notre Dame School church composers, especially Leonin and Perotin, working at Notre Dame cathedral in Paris around 1200
Magnus Liber Organum written by Leonin, who developed 2 part organum using organal style (slow chant sung below elaborate melody) and discant style (chant is regular speed and sometimes note-for note with the other voices).
Ars Nova book by Phillipe De Vitry demonstrating more complexity esp. in rhythm. Music from1300 and later came to be called 'ars nova' and the older music, 'ars antiqua'
Messe de Notre Dame mass by Guillaume De Marchaut, a famous French composer in the 1300s who also wrote secular chansons
Musica ficta the raising or lowering of notes to avoid unwanted dissonance. The equivalent of accidentals
Chansonnier de Roy collection of dance music and troubadour songs, from 1200s
haut instruments High in volume = loud. Crumhorn, sackbut, shawm
bas instruments low in volume =quiet. Dulcimer, lute, recorder
Keyboards portative, positive, regal
percussion nakers, tambourine
Created by: tdaniell