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cell organelles

TermDefinition
Mitochondrion Powerhouse of the cell, site of cellular respiration; energy from organic compounds used to make ATP
Smooth ER Has no ribosomes attached and has smooth appearance aids in making lipids to be exported
Cell Wall Thicker outer layer of a plant cell, which is before the cell membrane Strength,support, shape of cell
Cytoskeleton Cellular skeleton that crisscrosses the cytoplasm support, shape, movement
Endocytosis forms vacuole in cytoplasm
Rough ER Studded with ribosomes prepares hormones and enzymes for transport to golgi
Chloroplast Organelle where photosynthesis takes place in plants and algae where food is made
DNA Polymer of nucleotides used by cells to store information
Nucleus Manages the processes in the cell
Centrioles Used for animal cells to reproduce aid in cell division
Cytoplasm Organelle associated with providing the cell with a structure and means transport within the cell
Exocytosis membrane of vacuole fuses w membrane, forces contents out of cell
Golgi Apparatus Modifies, sorts, and packages different substances in a cell
Ribosomes Small organelles that are involved in making proteins site of protein synthesis
Lysosome Carry away waste from factory break down big molecules or worn out parts of the cell
Plasma Membrane Forms a barrier between the cytoplasm
Nucleolus To build ribosomes
Vacuole Stores protein,salt,water,carbs, waste
Prokaryotes Nucleoid circular DNA 1 chromosome
Prokaryote Microscopic single celled organism
Active tranport requires energy
Passive thransport requires no energy
Eukaryotes Nucleus Organelles Linear DNA
Eukaryotes Any organism whose cells contain a nucleus and other organelles
Prokaryotes + Eukaryotes Similarities and Differences Both in vesicles Both contain ribosomes Both have cell membrane
Diffusion the process by which molecules move from one area of higher concentration to an area of lower concentration
Osmosis the diffusion of water molecules through a selectively permeable membrane
Created by: 385086228529092