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Choral Classics

QuestionAnswer
When did choral music first become popular? 14th century.
What type of music was it? Sacred music.
What are masses and oratorios? Sacred music.
Who composed them? People like Handel and Bach.
What is another type of choral music? Opera.
What are operas and where are they performed? Told love stories and performed on stage.
Why were Baroque choirs originally all male in the 13th century? Because they were performed in churches and women were banned from the churches.
What is the make up of a typical Baroque choir? SAFTB
What other Baroque choirs can you have? • Mixed Sex (SATB) • All female (SSAA) • Male voice (TTBB)
Who was Messiah composed by? Handel.
What is Messiah about? The story of Jesus' life.
What type of choir is Messiah for? SATB
What type of orchestra was Messiah written for? A full orchestra.
Messiah is melismatic, what does this mean? A single syllable is sung over a succession of notes. E.g. At the end of lovely day by Bill Withers.
What other feature does Messiah have? Word painting.
Where was chamber music performed? Rooms instead of halls.
How many members would a chamber choir have? 20-25.
Describe the features of Schoenberg, Messiaen and Penderecki's work. • Atonal • Discordant • Clashing harmonies
Who composed Carmina Burana? Carl Orff.
What did it oppose at the time? NAZI values.
What are the key features of Carmina Burana's most famous song, O Fortuna? • SATB and SATB boy choir • Very dramatic and expressive • Homophonic • Unison singing
Created by: GuyBrazier