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body orientation

body orientations

Superior (Cephalad) Above: refers to the placement of a structure along the long axis of the body. superior always appears above; inferior always appears below
Inferior (Caudal) Below; refers to the placement of a structure along the long axis of the body. inferior always appears below
Anterior Front; in humans the most anterior structures are those most forward
medial Toward the midline
Cephalad (Cranial) Toward the head
Caudal Toward the tail
Dorsal backside
Ventral Belly side
Proximal nearer the trunk or point of reference
Distal farther from the trunk or point of reference
Lateral Away from the trunk or point of reference
Posterior back: posterior are those toward the backside
superficial (External) Toward or at the body surface
Deep (internal) Away from the body surface
Sagittal Plane Divides the body into left and right parts
Median/ Midsagittal Plane A plane that divides the body into equal parts, right down the m iddle
parasagittal plane all other sagittal planes that do not evenly divide the body
Frontal/ Coronal Plane Divides the body into anterior and posterior parts
Trasnverse plane Runs horizontally, dividing the body into superior and inferior parts; creates cross sections
Spinal near the spine and spinal cord
Abdonminal Around the abdomen
Pelvic Around the pelvis
Thoracic Around the chest
Derm(a), Derm(o), Dermat(o) Skin
Cutante(o) Cutanteous Layer in skin
Pil(o),Trich(o) Hair
Onych(o) Nail
Oste, Oss, Ost Bone
Chond Cartilage
Arthr Joints
Myel Bone Marrow
My Muscles
Fasci Fascia
Encephal Brain
Neur Nerves
Myelo Spinal cord
Acoust Hearing/ear
Ot(o) Hearing/ear
Ocul Sight/eye
Cardi Heart
Hem(at) Blood
Arteri Arteries
Ven Veins
Phleb Veins
Vas Vessels
Lymph Lymph
Splen Spleen
Thym Thymus
Tonsil Tonsils
Or Mouth
Esophag Esophagus
Gastr Stomach
Enter Intestine
Col Large intestine / colon
Hepat Liver
Created by: lechellenicole