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Genetic Review

A review based of Ms. Wilson's note cards station.

TermDefinition
DNA Chemical in living things that contains coded instructions that store and pass on genetic information
Double Helix The structure of DNA because it looks like a twisted ladder or spiral staircase
chromosomes strands of tightly wound DNA
Genes sections of a chromosome that carry the code for a particular trait
Mendelian genetics explains how traits are passed on through generations
allele form of a gene for a particular trait
dominant allele form of the trait that masks or hides the other form
recessive allele form of a trait that is masked or covered up when the dominant form of the trait is present
genotype the genetic makeup of an organism
phenotype the physical trait that shows up as a result of the genotype
punnett square a tool used to predict genotype and phenotype of offspring
genetic engineering manipulation of the genetic code for medicine, agriculture etc.
inherited traits expressed in genes
acquired skills acquired through practice and injuries occurring from the environment
sugars, nitrogenous bases, and phosphates traits expressed in genes
Gregor Mendel often considered the "father of genetics" for his study of the inheritance of traits in pea plants
Rosalind Franklin Discovered that DNA is a strand of molecules in spiral form
Watson and Crick came up with the Double helix model of DNA
genetics the scientific study of heredity
heredity the passing of traits from parents to offspring
Created by: dtuck010