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Gallbladderchapter39

Gallbladder

QuestionAnswer
How long is the gallbladder? 7-10 inches
The gallbladder is connected to what organs? the liver and duodenum
The gallbladder is connected to the liver and duodenum by _______ tract. biliary
Cystic duct leads from gallbladder to connect to common hepatic duct to form what? common bile duct (CBD)
After CBD is formed, then it joins pancreatic duct and enters what? duodenum
How many ML of bile is stored in the gallbladder? 45 (the book says 45) (power point says 50)
most digestion occurs where? duodenum
bile emulsifies fats and neutralizes acids in partly what? digested foods
inflammation of the gallbladder Cholecystitis
May be the result of repeated attacks of acute cholecystitis or chronic irritations of stones chronic cholecystitis
During chronic cholecystitis, why doesn't the gallbladder not empty easily or completely? becomes fibrotic and thickened
stones in gallbladder cholelithiasis
size of gallbladders range from a size as big as a grain of salt to 1" in diameter
two types of cholelithiasis cholesterol and pigmented (or calcium)
80% of stones, yellow/green in color, form when too much cholesterol, bilirubin, or not enough bile salts cholesterol stone
composed of calcium, dark in color, and cannot see on x-rays pigmented stone
gall stones in the common bile duct choledocholithiasis
a patient with choledocholithiasis, develops jaundice and liver damage
a patient that has choledocholithiasis needs Medical emergency
rare but highly fatal, 90% of patients die from advanced stages, severe pain, jaundice, weight loss, and ascites cancer of the gallbladder
signs/symptoms of gallbladder cancer abdominal bloating, recurrent intolerance of fatty foods, steady RUQ pain, Nausea, vomiting, indigestion, belching, jaundice, positive Murphy's sign, biliary colic, clay-colored stools, evelvated WBCS
inflammation of the ducts cholangitis
collection of purulent drainage in the gallbladder empyema
Created by: k3fry