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Goof Proof

The Most Common Gramatical Goofs

QuestionAnswer
Misuse of Reknown for Renowned No such word as reknown. Renown without a k is a noun that means fame. Its corresponding adjective is renowned.
Misuse of For Free Free means for nothing. So, essentially, for free means for for nothing.
Confusion of Affect and Effect Affect means to have an influence on or cause a change in. The verb effect means to produce a result or bring about.
Confusion of Aggravate and Irritate Aggravate means to make worse. Irritate means to exasperate or inflame.
Confusion of Allude and Elude Allude means to make an indirect reference to. Elude means to evade or escape from.
Confusion of Bad and Badly Bad should be used with descriptive verbs such as look, feel, sound, and taste. Badly should be used with all other verbs.
Confusion of Can and May Can denotes the ability to do something. May denotes permission to do something.
Confusion of Comprise and Compose The whole comprises the parts, while the parts compose the whole.
Confusion of Disinterested and Uninterested Disinterested means impartial. Uninterested means indifferent to or not interested in.
Confusion of Farther and Further Farther refers to a physical distance, hence the reason the word far is in it. Further is when one refers to additional time or amount.
Confusion of Fewer and Less Fewer refers to things that can be counted. Less refers to things that cannot be counted.
Confusion of Fortunate and Fortuitous Fortunate means lucky or auspicious, while fortuitous means happening by chance.
Confusion of Good and Well Good should be used with descriptive verbs such as look, feel, sound, and taste. Well is used with all other verbs.
Confusion of Imply and Infer Imply means to state indirectly. Infer means to draw a conclusion.
Confusion of Lay and Lie Lay means to place something down and takes an object (a transitive verb). Lie means to recline or be situated and does not take an object (an intransitive verb).
Confusion of Lend and Loan Lend is a verb, while loan is a noun meaning money or something else lent for temporary use and should not be used as a verb.
Confusion of That and Which That introduces restrictive clause, not comma. Which introduces nonrestrictive clause, with comma.
Confusion of Use and Used to Used to indicates a former state or regular practice. Use to doesn't exist. It just sounds good.
Confusion of Who and That Who refers to a pronoun. That refers to animals and things.
Confusion of Who and Whom Who refers to subject of statement. Whom refers to object of statement.
Confusion of Worse and Worst It was the worst mistake he ever made. Not it was the worse mistake he ever made.
Created by: taylor93