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Life Sci - Chap 22

study guide

Basic unit of life is? A cell
A group of cells working together forms a tissue
Two or more tissues working together form an organ
Organs working together make up an organ system
List the four type of tissues. connective, nervous, epithelial, muscle
Tissue that lines your organs. epithelial
Tissue that makes up your skin. epithelial
The tissue that controls your responses or stimulus. nervous
The tissue that moves your body. muscle
The tissue that supports, protects and insulates. connective
The organ system that returns leaked fluids like blood back to your blood vessels. Lymphatic system
The organ system that moves your bones. muscle
List the three types of muscle tissue. smooth, cardiac, skeletal
The muscle tissue which moves your heart. cardiac
The muscle tissue which makes up your organs and helps move food. smooth
The muscle tissue which moves your bones. skeletal
The organ system that circulates your blood. circulatory system
The organ system that breaks down your food digestive
The organ system that removes wastes from your blood. urinary
The organ system that is different in the male and the female. reproductive
The organ system that produces hormones from your glands. endocrine
The organ system that protects you from the outside environment. integumentary
The organ system that receives and sends electrical system. nervous
The organ system that provides support and protects your body. skeletal
The organ system that allows you to breath. respiratory
The hard structure on the outside of the bone. compact bone
The inside structure of the bone, which is made of visible space. spongy bone
The soft tissue in a bone used to develop red and white blood cells. marrow
Found on the end of a bone used for flexibility and cushioning. cartilage
A type of joint which moves only in one direction. hinge
A type of joint which you ca move over top of another bone in your wrist and ankle. gliding
A type of joint which allows almost complete movement. ball and socket
A ligament attaches to bones to bones
A tendon attaches to muscles to bones
A bone break where the bone breaks the skin. compound fracture
A break in a bone where the bone bends but does not break in half. greenstick fracture
A circular bone break spiral fracture
Pain and stiffness in a joint is called arthritis
A disease that causes bones to become weak. oesteoporosis
List three types of muscles smooth, cardiac, skeletal
The muscle type found in organs smooth
The muscle type which moves your bones and gives you support. skeletal
The muscle type that moves your blood. cardiac
Muscle action that is under your control and found in what muscle type. voluntary; skeletal
Muscle action that is not under your control and found in what muscle types involuntary; cardiac and smooth
The muscle group that can move bones together. flexor
The muscle group that moves your bones away from each other extensor
An injury in your muscle that causes it to be overstretched or torn. strain
An inflamed or overused muscle. tendonitis
List the two layers of the skin. epidermis and dermis
List four functions of the skin. to keep water in and particles out, to let you feel things, to regulate body temp,and to get rid of wastes
The pigment in your skin that causes your skin to darken and protects you from the sunlight. melanin
The outer layer of your skin which has dead cells. epidermis
List four structures found in the dermis layer. hair follicles, fat cells, nerve fiber, sweat glands
What do your hair follicles provide? warmth
Created by: msparks



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