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Classification Test

Science test, and could be very hard.

Domain -The highest rank of organisms in a biological taxonomy -It divides all cellular life form into three groups. Archaea Bacteria Eukarya
Domain - Archaea -Unicellular -Prokaryotes – no nuclear membrane -Found in extreme environments (Salty water Volcanic hot springs) -Kingdom: Archaebacteria -3 types...heat loving, salt loving, methane making
Domain - Bacteria -Found everywhere -Unicellular -Prokaryotes – no nucleus Example: Streptococcus (the bacteria that causes strep throat) -Kingdom: Eubacteria
Domain - Eukarya -Found everywhere -Most of the world’s living things. -Eukaryotes – cell has a nucleus Example: Humans, a tree Kingdom: Protista, Fungi, Animalia and Plantae
Kingdom Eubacteria -True bacteria -Prokaryotic -Unicellular -Autotrophs and Heterotroph -Spherical or rod-shaped -Found in soil, rocks, oceans, snow and living organisms
Kingdom Archaeabacteria -Differs from other bacteria -Prokaryotic -Unicellular -Autotroph and Heterotroph -Found in hydrothermal vents
Kingdom - Protista -Cannot be classified as animal, plant or fungus. -Eukaryotes -Most are unicellular -Autotroph and Heterotroph Ex: (A)slime mold, (B)protozoa, (C)primitive algae
Kingdom - Fungi -Multicellular -Eukaryotes -Nongreen -Reproduce with spores -All heterotrophs – consumers--break down substances and absorb the nutrients -Do not move Ex: yeast (A), mushrooms (B), ringworm (C)
Kingdom - Plantae -Multicellular -Eukaryotes -Most live on land -Autotrophs – producer, makes its own food -Provides food for heterotrophs.
Kingdom - Animalia -Multicellular -Eukaryotes -Live everywhere -Can move -Respond to their environment -Heterotrophs - consumers
mnemonics for taxonomic hierarchy Dear King Phillip Come Over For Good Spaghetti`.
Annelids Bilateral symmetry Segmented bodies Live in moist areas Ex: Leaches and worms
Chordates Backbone Bilateral symmetry Have a digestive, circulatory and nervous system Ex: humans, fish
Arthropods Segmented body Exoskeleton Invertebrate Jointed Appendages Ex: centipedes, spiders, crustaceans
Echinoderm Radial symmetry--mirror image Invertebrate Live in the ocean Some have spiny skin Ex: sea stars, sea urchins, sea cucumber
Cnidaria Radial symmetry Aquatic organisms Most have tentacles Some have stinging cells Only 1 digestive opening No internal organs Ex: Jellyfish
Molluscs Most have a shell Invertebrate Muscular foot and/or tentacles Soft bodies Not segmented Ex: octopus, snails
List the 8 levels of classification in the correct order below. The largest group should be on top. Domain Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus Species
What are the names of the 3 domains? Eukarya, Bacteria, and Archaea.
What are the types of cells the 3 domains are? Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes
What kingdoms are Archaea-Prokaryotes? Archaebacteria
What kingdoms are Bacteria-Prokaryotes? Eubacteria
What kingdoms are Eukaryote-Eukaryotes? Protista Fungi Animalia Plantae
How do animals, Plant, Protist, and Fungi get their food? Heterotroph, photosynthesis Autotroph, Heterotroph autotroph, and Heterotroph.
Which kingdom is has mostly unicellular cells? Protists.
How does fungi reproduce? With spores.
Which organisms belong in the phylum mollusca? Organisms with shells, snails, clams.
Which organisms belong in the phylum Cnidaria? Jelly like animals, jellyfish
Which organisms belong in the phylum Chordates? Me, fish, birds. Organisms that can move, and are vertebrates.
What does classify mean? To sort something due to its characteristics. To simplify something.
What is another name for “scientific name”? Binomial nomenclature
What is one difference between plants and animals? Plants can make there own food (autotroph). Animals have to intake food (heterotroph).
What does Autotroph mean? Autotroph: Make their own food.
What does Heterotroph mean? Heterotroph: Get food from outside world. Breakdown food, and also take in nutrients.
How do scientists classify organisms? They use the Taxonomic hierarchy.
What does vertebrate mean? Definition: It means backbone and/or spine.
Name a vertebrate animal and an invertebrate animal. Snail, and birds.
Plants are divided into what instead of phyla Division, Non vascular and Vascular (Xylem and Phloem)
Non Vascular characteristics No true roots, stems or leaves Reproduce with spores Found in moist shady areas Example: Moss
Vascular Plants broken into... Seed Plants or seedless plants
Seedless Plants Vascular tissue No seeds...use spores to reproduce Have stems, roots, and leaves Grow in moist shady areas Example: Ferns
Seed Plants Broken down into Gymnosperms and Angiosperms
Gymnosperm Plants Have exposed seeds
Angiosperms Plants Seeds are in fruit
Gymnosperms--conifer trees Characteristics Needle like leaves Produce cones
Angiosperms--fruit trees or plants Characteristics Produce flowers Form a fruit to protect the seed
Created by: 3114591