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Heat Transfer

Heat Transfer Vocabulary

What is the measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in a material? This is temperature.
How does heat transfer? Heat transfers from hot to cold.
What is achieved when the temperature of materials that are in contact are the same? Thermal equilibrium is achieved.
What is the movement of thermal energy from a region of higher temperature to a region of lower temperature? This is called heat.
What is the transfer of thermal energy by collisions between particles in matter? Conduction
Touching a hot stove or a pot warming from direct contact with a burner are examples of heat transfer through conduction
What is the thermal energy transfer through electromagnetic waves? radiation
Feeling heat waves from the sun or a fire are examples of radiation
What heat transfer is done by movement of the particles from one part of material to another? convection
The lava lamp, movement of ocean currents, and the movement of magma underneath Earth's crust are examples of convection currents
What is the change of state from a liquid to a gas vaporization
What is the change of state that occurs when a solid changes to a gas without passing through the liquid state? sublimation
What type of material allows heat to pass through quickly? thermal conductors
What type of material allows heat to pass through SLOWLY? thermal insulators
Rubber, plastic, and wood do not pass heat easily, they are all examples thermal insulators
Metals like aluminum and copper allow heat to pass through them easily, they are examples of thermal conductors
Created by: marybuchholz