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Cell Structure Vocab

TermDefinition
Cell Theory (3 Concepts) 1. All organisms are made up of cells 2. All existing cells are produced by other living cells 3. The cell is the most basic unit of life
Cytoplasm is a jellylike substance that contains dissolved molecular building blocks such as proteins, nucleic acids, minerals and ions
Organelle which are structures specialized to preform distinct processes within a cell
Prokaryotic Cell do not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound organelles
Eukaryotic Cell have a nucleus and other membrane-bound organelles
Tell Three Ways in Which Prokaryotic Cells Differ From Eukaryotic Cells 1. Smaller 2. Simple 3. Circular free dna
Cytoskeleton is a flexible network pf proteins that provide structural support for the cell
Nucleus is the storehouse for most of the genetic information or dna in your cells
Endoplasmic Reticulum or the ER, is an interconnected network of thin, folded membranes
Ribosome are tiny organelles that link amino acids together to form proteins
Golgi Apparatus consists of closely layered stacks of membrane-enclosed spaces that process, sort and deliver proteins
Vesicle membrane-bound sacs that divide some materials from the rest of the cytoplasm and transport these materials from place within a cell
Mitochondrion supply of energy to the cell
Vacuole is a fluid-filled sac used for the storage of materials needed by a cell
Lysosome are membrane-bound organelles that contain enzymes
Centriole are cylinder shaped organelles made o short microtubules arranged in a circle
Cell Wall which is rigid layer that gives protection, support and shape of the cell
Chloroplast organelles that carry out photosynthesis a series of complex chemical reactions that convert solar energy into energy-rich molecules the cell can use
Cell Membrane forms a boundary between a cell and the outside environment and controls the passage of materials into and out of a cell
Created by: brianamitchell
 

 



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