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Biochemistry Vocab

Monomer molecular subunit of a polymer
Polymer large carbon-based molecule formed by monomers
Carbohydrates molecules composed of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen; includes sugars and starches
Lipid nonpolar molecule composed of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen; includes oils and starches
Fatty Acid hydrocarbon chain often bonded to glycerol in a lipid
Protein polymer composed of amino acids inked by peptide bonds; is a polymer made up of monomers
Amino Acid polymer composed of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen and sometimes sulfur
Nucleic Acid are polymers that are made up of monomers called nucleotides
Chemical Reaction changes substances into different substances by breaking and forming chemical bonds
Reactant are the substances changed during a chemical reaction
Product are the substances made by chemical reaction
Bond Energy is the amount of energy that will break a bond between two atoms
Equilibrium condition in which reactants and products of a chemical reaction are formed at the same rate
Activation Energy is the amount of energy that needs to be absorbed for a chemical reaction to start
Exothermic chemical reaction releases more energy than it absorbs
Endothermic chemical reaction absorbs more energy than it releases
Created by: brianamitchell