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Cell Parts

OrganelleFunctionLocation (plants/animal/both)
Nucleus Contains cell’s genetic material (DNA); LARGEST organelle; Controls everything in the cell Both
Nuclear Membrane Double-layer around the nucleus; lets DNA in & out Both
Ribosomes Makes proteins out of amino acids using instruction enclosed in the cell’s DNA. **do NOT have membranes SMALLEST organelle Both
Vacuole Fluid-filled vesicle that stores water, wastes, nutrients and enzymes. Both
Central vacuole Same as vacuole; when it is full of water it gives cell its shape; when empty it wilts Plant
Lysosome Contain digestive enzymes, which break down worn-out organelles, waste materials and foreign invaders. Animal
Rough ER Assists in the production, processing and transporting of proteins. Rough because of ribosomes on it. Both
Smooth ER Makes lipids and breaks down toxic materials that could damage the cells. Smooth because there are no ribosomes. Both
Nucleolus Found in the nucleus. Round, dense structure. Makes ribosomal subunits from protein and RNA. Both
Cytoplasm Gel-like region enclosed by the cell membrane that includes fluids and all organelles Both
Cell wall Rigid structure that surrounds the cell membrane gives the cell shape & support Plant
Golgi Bodies (golgi complex) Package and distribute materials such as proteins and lipids Both
Centrioles 2 organelles found near the nucleus that help the cell when it comes time to divide Animal
Centrosome Organelle that serves as the main microtubule organizing center Animal
Cell membrane Semi-permeable layer surrounding a cell; controls movement of materials in and out of cell. Both
Mitochondria Cellular respiration occurs here. Food is broken down and energy is released. Both
Chloroplasts Photosynthesis occurs here; uses sunlight, carbon dioxide and water to make sugar and oxygen. Green because it contains chlorophyll, which absorbs the sun’s energy Plant
Chromatin Found in the nucleus; made up of DNA and proteins; involved in DNA replication Both
Created by: Eam121212



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