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Chapter 5 Greece

TermDefinition
Polis city-state, became the basic political unit in Greece.
acropolis A high area with temples for the gods and spaces for public ceremonies.
Agora marketplace, where people did business, gossiped, and discussed politics.
helots state slaves in Ancient Greece
Hoplites foot soldiers in Ancient Greece
Hubris great pride
Democracy a form of government run by people
Solon Athenian statesman; he introduced the first civil democracy in Greece and created the Boule.
Tyrant a strongman who seized power by force and claimed to rule for the good of the people.
Cleisthenes Ancient Greek ruler often called the "father of democracy." He increased the size of the council that governed Athens to 500, and he reorganized Athenian tribes on a geographical rather than familial basis.
Direct democracy All people vote directly on an issue
archon who served as the chief of state in Athens
phalanx a tight rectangle formation in which soldiers held long spears out ahead of a wall of shields
Pericles Athenian statesman; he encouraged the spread of democracy in Athens and the growth of the city-state's power
Socrates Greek philosopher in Athens; his teaching style was based on asking questions. He wanted people to question their own beliefs. He was arrested and condemned to death for challenging authority.
Plato Greek philosopher; a student of Socrates, he started a school in Athens called the Academy. In The Republic he describes an ideal society run by philosopher-kings.
Aristotle Greek philosopher and student of Plato; he taught that logic was the tool for any necessary inquiry; his work later became the basis for medieval scholasticism. reason clear and ordered thinking
logic the process of making inferences
Homer Greek poet, he wrote the epic poems the Iliad and the Odyssey, which tell stores set during and after the Trojan War.
lyric poetry named after a musical instrument called by the lyre that was often played to accompany the reading of poems; do not tell stories; deals with emotions and desires
Herodotus Greek historian; his most famous work is The Histories, which describes major events of the Persian Wars.
Thucydides Greek historian of Athens; he wrote The History of the Peloponnese War. He is regarded as the first critical historian and is often ranked as the greatest historian of antiquity.
Alexander the Great King of Macedon and conqueror of much of Asia; he is considered one of the greatest generals of all time.
Hellenistic Greeklike; the blending of Greek cultures with those of Persia, Egypt, and Central Asia following the conquests of Alexander the Great
Euclid Greek geometer; he created practical books on geometric forms and mathematics. His work formed the basis for later European studies in geometry.
Eratosthenes Greek astronomer and geographer; he calculated the circumference of the globe using careful observations and simple geometry.
Archimedes Greek mathematician and inventor; he was known for his work in geometry, physics, and mechanics.
reason Clear and order thinking
Created by: bprimo
 

 



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