Busy. Please wait.
Log in with Clever

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
Sign up using Clever

Username is available taken
show password

Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
Your email address is only used to allow you to reset your password. See our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Didn't know it?
click below
Knew it?
click below
Don't know
Remaining cards (0)
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Chapter 5 Greece

Polis city-state, became the basic political unit in Greece.
acropolis A high area with temples for the gods and spaces for public ceremonies.
Agora marketplace, where people did business, gossiped, and discussed politics.
helots state slaves in Ancient Greece
Hoplites foot soldiers in Ancient Greece
Hubris great pride
Democracy a form of government run by people
Solon Athenian statesman; he introduced the first civil democracy in Greece and created the Boule.
Tyrant a strongman who seized power by force and claimed to rule for the good of the people.
Cleisthenes Ancient Greek ruler often called the "father of democracy." He increased the size of the council that governed Athens to 500, and he reorganized Athenian tribes on a geographical rather than familial basis.
Direct democracy All people vote directly on an issue
archon who served as the chief of state in Athens
phalanx a tight rectangle formation in which soldiers held long spears out ahead of a wall of shields
Pericles Athenian statesman; he encouraged the spread of democracy in Athens and the growth of the city-state's power
Socrates Greek philosopher in Athens; his teaching style was based on asking questions. He wanted people to question their own beliefs. He was arrested and condemned to death for challenging authority.
Plato Greek philosopher; a student of Socrates, he started a school in Athens called the Academy. In The Republic he describes an ideal society run by philosopher-kings.
Aristotle Greek philosopher and student of Plato; he taught that logic was the tool for any necessary inquiry; his work later became the basis for medieval scholasticism. reason clear and ordered thinking
logic the process of making inferences
Homer Greek poet, he wrote the epic poems the Iliad and the Odyssey, which tell stores set during and after the Trojan War.
lyric poetry named after a musical instrument called by the lyre that was often played to accompany the reading of poems; do not tell stories; deals with emotions and desires
Herodotus Greek historian; his most famous work is The Histories, which describes major events of the Persian Wars.
Thucydides Greek historian of Athens; he wrote The History of the Peloponnese War. He is regarded as the first critical historian and is often ranked as the greatest historian of antiquity.
Alexander the Great King of Macedon and conqueror of much of Asia; he is considered one of the greatest generals of all time.
Hellenistic Greeklike; the blending of Greek cultures with those of Persia, Egypt, and Central Asia following the conquests of Alexander the Great
Euclid Greek geometer; he created practical books on geometric forms and mathematics. His work formed the basis for later European studies in geometry.
Eratosthenes Greek astronomer and geographer; he calculated the circumference of the globe using careful observations and simple geometry.
Archimedes Greek mathematician and inventor; he was known for his work in geometry, physics, and mechanics.
reason Clear and order thinking
Created by: bprimo
Popular Greek sets




Use these flashcards to help memorize information. Look at the large card and try to recall what is on the other side. Then click the card to flip it. If you knew the answer, click the green Know box. Otherwise, click the red Don't know box.

When you've placed seven or more cards in the Don't know box, click "retry" to try those cards again.

If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just click on the card to take it out of the box.

You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows:

If you are logged in to your account, this website will remember which cards you know and don't know so that they are in the same box the next time you log in.

When you need a break, try one of the other activities listed below the flashcards like Matching, Snowman, or Hungry Bug. Although it may feel like you're playing a game, your brain is still making more connections with the information to help you out.

To see how well you know the information, try the Quiz or Test activity.

Pass complete!
"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards