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Earth's Waters

Approximately what percentage of earths water is fresh water? 3
Water that falls to earth as rain, snow, sleet, or hail is called what? Precipitation
Water that fills the cracks and spaces in underground soil and rock layers is called what? Groundwater
What are the streams and small rivers that feed into a main river? Tributaries
Wetlands provide habitats for many living things because of their sheltered waters and what? Large supply of nutrients
What is an aquifer? Underground layer of rock or sediment that holds water
A well in which groundwater rises because of pressure is called what? Artesian well
The three major steps of the water cycle are what? (Be able to label a diagram and understand how each step works) Evaporation, condensation, and precipitation
Plants use water to undergo photosynthesis. They also release water into the atmosphere. Plants contribute to which part of the water cycle? evaporation
The horizontal distance between wave crests is the what? Wavelength
The size of a wave is not affected by the what? Salinity of the water
The size of a wave is affected by what? Wind
As a wave nears the shore, the wave height increases and the wavelength does what? Decreases
Salinity measures what in water? Dissolved salts
In which zone is ocean temperature most affected by the weather? Surface zone
As you descend through the water column what happens? Temperature decreases
What causes tides? The interaction of Earth, the moon, and the sun
A large stream of moving water that flows through the oceans is called what? Current
In the northern hemisphere currents curve to the right because of the what? Coriolis effect
The movement of cool deep ocean water to replace warm water at the surface is called what? Upwelling
What are some examples of wetlands? Marshes, Bogs, Swamps
A wave is the movement of what through a body of water? energy
Winds are the main cause of what type of currents in the ocean? surface
Evaporation of the sea water increases what since the salt is left behind as the water evaporates? salinity
The daily rise and fall of water on Earth's coastlines are called what? tides
The force of the sun's and moon's what pulling on Earth causes tides? gravity
As you go further down in the depths of the ocean how does the temperature change? The temperature decreases (or gets colder) due to less sunlight
Created by: mklein51
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