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Energy from the sun is called ______. Radiation
About 20% of the radiation from the sun is ______ by gases in Earth's atmosphere. absorbed
About 25% of radiation from the sun is ______ by the atmosphere. reflected
About 5% of the radiation from the sun is reflected by the Earth's _____. surface
About 50% of the Sun's rays are absorbed by _____. Earth
Absorbed radiation is reemitted as ______ ______. Infrared radiation
When warm air rises, energy is transferred to the atmosphere by _______. convection
When the amount of radiation entering the Earth is equal to the amount of energy leaving, it is called _____ _____. radiation balance.
The visible light with the shortest wavelength is ____ light. violet
The visible light with the longest wavelength is ___ light red
Convection is the result of energy from matter _____. circulating
When infrared radiation is released from the earth, it is ____ reemitted
When heat is trapped in the atmosphere and the Earth is warmed, it is called the ______ ______. Greenhouse effect
Water vapor, methane and carbon dioxide are greenhouse ______. gases
When warm air ______, energy is transferred to the atmosphere by convection. rises
Rising air is always accompanied by _____ air sinking
Circulating air causes ______ clouds. lenticular
______ air causes strong winds or circulations. unstable
____ air results in minimal movement or circulations. stable
When air in the upper troposphere is warmer than the air in the lower troposphere, ______ _________ occurs. temperature inversion
Temperature inversions can cause a buildup of ____ _____ at lower altitudes. air pollution
Unstable air can lead to __________. thunderstorms
about _____ of the sun's radiation does not reach the Earth. 25%
About _______ of the radiation from the sun is reflected by the Earth's surfaces. 5%
About _____ of the radiation from the sun is absorbed by gases in Earth's atmosphere. 20%
The stratosphere contains the protective layer called the ____ _____. ozone layer
The second atmospheric layer is the _____ stratosphere
Birds, bats and insects fly in the _____ layer of the atmosphere. troposphere
The atmospheric layer that is farthest from Earth. exosphere
The atmospheric layer that is between the stratosphere and the thermosphere. mesosphere
The layer of the earth that is directly above the mesosphere. thermosphere
The region of the mesosphere that produces auroras ionosphere
____ light is visible light that has the least amount of energy. red
As the wavelength increases, energy ________ decreases
As the wavelength decreases, energy ______ increases
Visible light is what we call the _____. rainbow
______ light is the leading cause of skin cancer. ultraviolet
Created by: dicksona
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