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Chapter 6.2 packet

QuestionAnswer
What form does solar energy travel to Earth? visible, UV, and IR
Which three gases contribute most to the greenhouse effect? water vapor, carbon dioxide, and methane
How much of the radiation from the sun is absorbed by particles and gases in the atmosphere? 20%
How much of the radiation from the sun reflected by the clouds and the atmosphere? 25%
How much of the Sun's rays reach and are absorbed by Earth's surface? 5%
What is absorbed radiation re-emitted as? IR
What is radiation balance? when the amount of energy that is absorbed is equally re-emitted as IR
What layer is between the stratosphere and the thermosphere? mesosphere
Birds, bats, and insects fly in what layer of the atmosphere? troposphere
Which layer of the atmosphere contains the ozone layer? Stratosphere
What does earth's atmosphere contain? water vapor, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, oxygen, and other gases
What layer extends from the mesosphere to the exosphere? thermosphere
What are the three types of energy transfer? latent heat, conduction, and convection
What is an ordered series of actions? process
How do bright surfaces on Earth affect what happens to incoming sunlight? the surfaces reflect the light
What is conduction? the temperature change when two things touch
What is convection? the heat that occurs when something circulates in order to heat the entire substance
What is stable air? air that is almost the same temperature in higher areas as lower areas
What is unstable air? air that forms clouds as warm air rapidly rises
What is a mountain wave? air the moves all over a mountain range
What is stability? how weak or strong something is
What is temperature inversion? as altitude increases, temperature increases
Does water freezing involve the absorption or the release of thermal energy? release
Does ice melting involve the absorption or the release of thermal energy? absorption
Does water evaporating involve the absorption or the release of thermal energy? absorption
Created by: coleylin2687