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chapter 6.2 packet

25 questions

1. in what form does solar energy travel to earth. ultraviolet, visible, and infrared.
2. what is the difference between stable and unstable air. unstable- ground level air is much warmer than high altitude air. stable- a layer of cooler air is trapped by a layer of warmer air above it.
3. what is the term for the transfer of energy by electromagnetic waves. radiation
4. how do wavelengths of infrared light compare to wavelengths of ultraviolet light. infrared light has longer wavelengths and UV light has short wavelengths.
5. how does the atmospheric ozone layer protect earth. it absorbs or reflects the UV light.
6. about how much incoming solar radiation is absorbed by earths atmosphere. 20%
7. how do bright surfaces on earth affect what happens to incoming sunlight. they reflect incoming radiation.
8. about how much incoming solar radiation reaches earths surface and is absorbed. 50%
9. what is absorbed radiation reemitted as. heat.
10. the warming rays of the sun. radiation.
11. the flow of ocean currents. convection.
12. a branding iron making a mark. conduction.
13. hot feet from hot sand. conduction.
14. a cool breeze. convection.
15. heat from glowing coals. radiation.
16. high altitude air streams. convection.
17. the warmth of a heating pad. conduction.
18. water freezing. release of thermal energy.
19. ice melting. absorption of thermal energy.
20. water evaporating. absorption of thermal energy.
21. water vapor condensing. release of thermal energy.
22. ninety-nine percent of the radiation earth receives from the sun is ________. ultraviolet and infrared radiation.
23. about 20 percent of the radiation from the sun is ________. absorbed by particles in the atmosphere.
24. about 25 percent of radiation from the sun is _______. reflected by clouds and particles.
25. about 5 percent of the radiation from the sun is _________. reflected by land and sea surfaces.
Created by: hofmahai2753