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CH 6. 2

Energy Transfer in the Atmosphere

QuestionAnswer
ninety nine percent of the radiation earth receives from the sun is _____ visible light, ultraviolet, infrared radiation
about 20% of the radiation from the sun is _____ absorbed by particles in the atmosphere
about 25 percent of the radiation from the sun is _____ reflected by clouds
about 5% of the radiation from the sun is _____ reflected by land and sea surface
about 50% of the suns rays are _____ received and absorbed
absorbed radiation is reemitted as _____ infrared radiation
radiation balance the radiation being absorbed into the atmosphere and being reflected are the same
3 kinds of energy transfer CONDUCTION CONVECTION LATENT HEAT
conduction the transfer of thermal energy by collisions between particles of matter
reflect bounce back
radiation electrometric waves that transfer thermal energy
convection the transfer of thermal energy by the movement of matter from one place to another
stability strength or weakness of circulating air motions
temperature inversion condition in the troposphere that involves a temperature increase with altitude
process series of actions
in what form does solar energy travel to the earth through the process of radiation (Visible light, UV rays, Infrared radiation)
what gases contribute the most in the green house affect water vapor, carbon dioxide, and methane
when warm air rises, energy is transferred to the atmosphere by _____. convection
rising air is always accompanied by _____ air. sinking
air moving over a mountain range is called a(n) _____ mountain wave
mountain waves create _____ clouds lenticular
when air is _____, the vertical movements of air are strong unstable
when air is _____, the vertical movements of air are weak stable
a(n) _____ occurs when air in the upper troposphere is warmer than air in the lower troposphere temperature inversion
temperature inversions can cause a build up of _____ at lower altitudes air pollution
the second layer in the atmosphere, the _____, includes a region known as the ozone layer stratosphere
birds, bats, and insects fly in the _____, which is the lowest layer in the atmosphere troposphere
the _____ is the layer between the stratosphere and the thermosphere mesosphere
beyond the thermosphere is the _____, which is the atmospheric layer that is farthest from earth's surface exosphere
earth's _____ contains water vapor, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, oxygen, and other gases atmosphere
the _____ extends from the mesosphere to the exosphere thermosphere
spectacular auroras might occur when charged particles in the _____ emit vivid colors. ionosphere
transfer of energy by electromagnetic waves radiation
which three components make up almost all the energy earth receives from the sun Visible light, Ultraviolet, and Infrared Radiation
how do bright surfaces on earth affect what happened to incoming sunlight it reflects it back into the atmosphere
what is radiation remitted as infrared radiation (heat)
how much incoming solar radiation is absorbed by earths atmosphere about 20%
how much incoming solar radiation reaches earth's surface and is absorbed about 50%
conduction, convection, radiation: the warming of the sun's rays radiation
conduction, convection, radiation: the flow of ocean currents conduction
conduction, convection, radiation: a branding iron making a mark radiation
conduction, convection, radiation: hot feet from hot sand conduction
conduction, convection, radiation: a cool breeze convection
conduction, convection, radiation: heat from glowing coals radiation
conduction, convection, radiation: high-altitude air streams convection
conduction, convection, radiation: the warmth of a heating pad conduction
absorbs or releases heat: water freezing releases
absorbs or releases heat: ice melting absorbs
absorbs or releases heat: water evaporating absorbs
absorbs or releases heat: water vapor condensing releases
short wavelengths; high energy UV rays
long wavelengths; low energy infrared radiation
Created by: tenerhay4248