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Chapter 6.2

UV Rays

The warming of the Sun is? Radiation
The flow of ocean currents Convection
A branding iron making a mark Conduction
hoot feet from hot sand Conduction
A cool breeze Convection
heat from glowing coals Radiation
high altitude air streams Convection
the warmth of a heating pad Conduction
water freezing R
Ice melting A
water evaporating A
water vapor condensing R
The transfer of thermal energy by collisions between particles of matter Conduction
bounce back Reflect
electromagnetic waves that transfer thermal energy Radiation
The transfer of thermal energy by the movement of matter from one place to another. Convection
Strength or weakness of circulating air motions Stability
Condition in the troposphere that involves a temperature increase with altitude. Temperature inversion
Ordered series of actions Process
When warm air rises, energy is transferred to the atmosphere by Convection
Rising air is always accompanied by Sinking air
Air moving over a mountain range is called a Mountain wave
This type of air movement creates ________ clouds Lenticular
when air is ________, the vertical movements if air are strong Unstable
when air is ________, these movements are weak Stable
A _________________ occurs when air in the upper troposphere is warmer than air in the lower troposphere Temperature inversion
This condition can cause a buildup of ____________ at lower altitudes Air pollution
Ninety-nine percent of the radiation Earth receives from the Sun is Visible light, UV, and Infrared radiation
About 20 percent of the radiation from the Sun is absorbed by Particles
About 25 percent of radiation from the Sun is reflected by Clouds and particles
About 5 percent of the radiation from the Sun is reflected by Land and sea
About 50 percent of the Sun's rays are Received and absorbed
Absorbed radiation is remitted as Infrared radiation
Which gases in the atmosphere contribute the most to The Green House Effect process Carbon dioxide, Methane gas, Water vapor
What is the term for the transfer of energy by electromagnetic waves? Radiation
Which three components make up all the energy Earth receives from the Sun Visible light, UV, and infrared radiation
How do wavelengths of infrared light compare to wavelengths of ultraviolet light As wave lengths decrease energy increases
How does the atmospheric ozone layer protect Earth? It protects us from the harsh UV rays of the Sun's energy.
About how much incoming solar radiation is absorbed by Earth's atmosphere 20% of it is absorbed
About how much incoming solar radiation reaches Earth's surface and is absorbed 50%
Created by: waldenat0784