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Water and Air Vocab

By Grant Kolde

TermDefinition
Aquifer An underground layer of permeable rock that contains water.
Atmosphere The outer layer of gases of a large body in space.
Biosphere All living organisms on earth, in the air, land, and water.
Cryosphere The frozen layer of Earth's surface.
Condensation Process of water vapor cooling and changing into liquid water.
Conduction The transfer of heat energy from one substance to another through direct contact. (two objects touching)
Convection The transfer of energy from place to place by the motion of heated gas or liquid in Earth's mantle.
Down-welling/up-welling When water moves to different levels of depth due to surface currents.
Evaporation Process by which liquid water turns to gas. (water vapor)
Global wind wind belt that circles the Earth.
Ground water The water beneath the surface of the ground. (consisting mainly of surface water that has seeped down)
Hydrosphere The water on or surrounding Earth's surface. (includes the water of the oceans and in the atmosphere)
Impermeable Water can't pass through the substance.
Lithosphere The crust and upper mantle of Earth.
Ocean current A mass of moving ocean water.
Permeability The ability of water to pass through the substance.
Pollution The presence of a harmful or poisonous substance in the environment.
Precipitation Process by which water, in any form, falls from the atmosphere to the Earth's surface.
Radiation Energy that travels across distances as certain types of waves.
Runoff Process of water flowing over the surface of the ground.
Surface water water that collects on the surface of the ground.
Transpiration Process of water evaporating through the leaves of plants.
Watershed The area of land where all of the water that is under it or drains off of it goes. (collects in the same place)
Water Table Underground surface of soil or rock that is saturated with water.
Created by: Grant_Kolde_22