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Seasons and Wind

Seasons and Wind Movement

QuestionAnswer
Explain what happens during a sea breeze. A sea breeze happens during the day. The land heats up faster, which makes its pressure lower. Since the water has higher pressure, the wind moves from the water to the land because wind always moves from areas of high pressure to low pressure.
Explain what happens during a land breeze. A land breeze happens at night. The water holds in heat longer, which makes its pressure lower. Land cools off quicker, so its pressure is higher. The wind will move from land to sea because wind always moves from high pressure to low pressure.
What causes the uneven heating of the Earth's surface? the tilt of the Earth
Why would two points at the same latitude have similar climates? They are affected by the same global winds.
Why are the beach and water two different temperatures at the same time? Land heats and cools faster than water, so during the day the land will be warmer. At night, the water will be warmer since it holds in heat longer.
How does wind move? from areas of high pressure to areas of low pressure
breeze that happens during the night land breeze
What causes wind systems? unequal heating of Earth's surface AND rotation of the Earth
type of air that is less dense warm
What makes global winds curve? Coriolis Effect (Earth's rotation on its axis)
How is wind formed? by the uneven heating of the Earth's surface
breeze that happens during the day sea breeze (Hint: You can "sea" during the day.)
type of air that is more dense cold
How does air move in a convection current? Warm air rises, and cold air sinks.
type of air that moves faster warm
What cools and heats more quickly---land or water? land
Wind results when two air masses having different ________________ collide. pressure
What holds in heat longer--land or water? water
Why is the equator hotter than the poles? The sun strikes it more directly because of the tilt of the Earth.
What are the two local wind systems? land breeze and sea breeze
invisible line around which an object spins or rotates axis
What does the Earth's rotation cause? day and night
How long does it take for the Earth to rotate on its axis? 24 hours (one day)
when a planet or moon travels around another object revolution
How long does it take for the Earth to revolve around the sun? 365 days (one year)
tilt of the Earth 23.5 degrees
two things that work together to cause seasons Earth's revolution around the sun and the tilt of the Earth
What would happen if the Earth were not tilted? We would have the same season all year long.
two hemispheres that we live in Northern and Western
Summer occurs in the hemisphere tilted _____________ the sun. toward
What area on the Earth gets more direct sunlight? equator
What areas on the Earth get the least amount of sunlight? the poles
Created by: Nisey1996