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GEOG 211 Midterm

COCC GEOG 211 Cartography Midterm

QuestionAnswer
Map types – Describe thematic vs. reference map *Thematic- represents a single distribution or concept *Reference- Has a variety of phenomenon, used as a reference for location and planning.
What are the Basic map Elements ? *Main Map *Title and subtitle *Legend *Scale indicator * Graticule or north arrow *Supplementary text/Authorship *Frame/border
What are Secondary Map Elements? *Logos *Map numbers *Inset Maps *Graticules *Tables/Graphs
What are the Primary Map design Principles Purpose, Medium, Audience
What is the difference between Qualitative and Quantitative Data? Qualitative- Categorical, no rank or order (Labels) Quantitative- Numerical, has a rank or interval in which to perform calculations
What are the Levels of data and definition? Nominal- No order, unique values Ordinal- Categorical (High, Medium, Low) but unable to determine by quantity by how much between categories Interval- Numerical interval, but has no absolute zero Ratio-Numerical value with an absolute zero
What is Cartography? The art, science and technology of making maps, together with the their study as scientific documents and works of art.
What is GeoVisulization? Refers to a set of tools and techniques supporting the analysis of geospatial data through the use of interactive visualization
What is Visual Hierarchy? Different levels of emphasis of the elements of a graphic design
What is a Map? A graphic representation of all or part of the surface of earth (or other body) drawn to scale on a plane.
What is Symbolization? Determines how data on the map is read and interpreted. The process of formatting or displaying symbols
What is choropleth? Differences in color value (sometimes in combination with hue) or differences in spacing (e.g., the intensity of a hatched pattern) to represent differences in the phenomenon being mapped
What is data interpolation? Interpolation is the estimating of values by comparing distances to all other neighboring sample points
What is biverate mapping? It is a variation of simple choropleth map that portrays two separate phenomena simultaneously
What is Leading? Adjusting the spacing between lines
What is a leader line? A line from a point to a label/annotation, adjusted from the point due to space limitations
What are the different types of symbols and how do you create hierarchy with each? a. Points b. Lines c. Polygons *Shape, size, hue, value, texture, orientation
What are the (3) dimensions of color? Hue, Value/Lightness, Saturation
What are the (3) types of labeling and there differences? *Graphic-simple text box, not associate with feature will not scale *Dynamic- Manage the characteristics for the text of multiple features in a layer. Changes made to entire set *Annotation-Feature Linked, will move with the feature it is labeling
What are some reasons to use color within a map? To differentiate values on a map, color as a clarifying and simplifying element
Name the 3 color schemes and how are they different from one another? *Qualitative - Hue steps, not ordered *Sequential- neutrals, one hue or one hue step, single sequence of lightness steps *Diverging-Two diverging sequences of lightness steps, two hues, or one hue and neutral or two hue transitions
What are the ways to classify data as discussed in this course? *Equal Interval- divide values into constant intervals *Quantile- Equal number of values in set categories *Natural Breaks (default)- Divides values based on normalized distribution of data *Std Dev-Categories divided by how far values from the mean
What Classification symbolization methods are available? Dot, Proportional, Graduated
Name 4 categories of Fonts *Serif *San Serif *Decorative *Script
Name ways to adjust font sizes *Character Spacing *Character Size *Line Spacing (Leading)
What are 3 common effects for font? Halo, Shadows, Callouts
How does one create hierarchy with text/labels? Size, Spacing, Color
What are standardized label placement for points, lines and areas? *Point-Next to, horizontally aligned, shifted up or down *Lines-should follow the line, not upside down, above, avoid stretching out by repeating *Area-Use character spacing (best uppercase)
What types of text are found on a map? Title, Legends, Source and Explanatory text
What is the Process steps for making a Map? Planning, Analysis, Presentation, Critique(review), Production
Created by: Sevcav