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Climate & Weather #1

TermDefinition
atmosphere the envelope of gases that surrounds Earth
ozone molecule of three oxygen atoms instead of the usual two atoms
air pressure the result of a column of air pushing down on an area
altitude the distance above sea level
barometer instrument used to measure changes in air pressure
thermosphere the outermost layer of Earth's atmosphere; sunlight strikes here first
mesosphere the atmospheric layer immediately above the stratosphere; layer of meteor protection
stratosphere the second lowest layer of Earth's atmosphere; contains the ozone layer
troposphere the lowest layer of Earth's atmosphere; the layer where weather occurs
greenhouse effect the process by which gases hold heat energy in a blanket of air around Earth
wind the horizontal movement of air from high pressure to low pressure areas
local winds winds that blow over short distances
sea breeze the flow of cooler air from over an ocean or lake toward land
land breeze the flow of air from land to a body of water
global winds winds that blow steadily from specific directions over long distances
jet streams bands of high speed west to east winds about 10 km above Earth's surface
Created by: Rita.Rogers