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Epithelial cells

Mrs. Kamienski A&P epithelial cells

Histology study of tissues
Tissues a group of cells that perform the same function
4 major types of tissues epithelial, connective, muscle, nervous
basement membrane the underside of epithelial tissue which connects to connective tissue
Simple Squamous function diffusion of gases, filtration
Simple Squamous locations lungs, aveoli, capillaries
Simple Squamous description single layer of irregular, thin, flattened cells
Simple Cuboidal function secretion and absorption of glandular products
Simple Cuboidal locations ovaries, ducts of salivary, thyroid glands, kidneys
Simple Cuboidal description single layer of cube like cells with a centrally located nucleus
Simple Culumnar function absorption of nutrients, secretes digestive fluids
simple Culumnar locations linings of digestive system, reproductive system
simple culumnar description long column like cells whose nuclei are found around basement membrane, have goblet cells mixed in between and microvilli
Microvilli function to increase surface area for absorption
Goblet cell flask liked shaped glandular cells which secrete protective mucus on tissue to trap dirt/ debris
psuedostratified culumnar desription appears to be layered but isn't, has cilia which extend from the free surface and move constantly, goblet cells mixed in
psuedostratified culumnar function move mucus, sex cells along
psuedostratified culumnar location respiratory tract, tubes of reproductive system
stratified squamous description stacked squamous cells, layer on layer, oldest cells pushed outward
stratified squamous function forms outerlayer of skin, protection
stratified squamous location skin, mouth, vagina, anus, throat
transitional description when contacted looks like many layers of cells, when stretched looks like a thin layer of cells
transitional function specialized to withstand tension of movement and barrier to prevent waste from diffusion
transitional locations lining of bladder, urinary system
glandular epithelium cells specialized to secrete and produce substances
gland one or more cells usually culumnar or cuboidal that secrete substances
Endocrine glands secrete into tissue fluid or blood, 3 types: merocrine, apocrine, holocrine
holocrine releases entire cells like sebaceous glands
apocrine loose small portions of cells, mammary glands
merocrine secrete fluis without loss of cytoplasm, pancreas, salivary
Created by: bkamienski