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Circulatory System

Science

QuestionAnswer
Transport involves ____________ and _____________. Absorption, circulation.
Another name for the circulatory system. Cardiovascular system.
Blood transports _________________,_ _________________, _______________, ______________, and ______________ Oxygen, carbon dioxide, nutrients (glucose and amino acids), wastes, and hormones.
A fluid that flows through the vessels of the circulatory system. Blood.
Four life processes blood is involved in. Transportation, regulation, protection, and homeostasis.
Liquid portion of the blood. Plasma.
Function of red blood cells. Transport oxygen from the lungs to the body tissues and carbon dioxide from the body tissues to the lungs.
Where are red blood cells made? Bone marrow.
Iron-containing pigment found in red blood cells, gives blood its red color and helps with the transport of carbon dioxide and oxygen. Hemoglobin.
Lack of red blood cells. Anemia.
Another name for white blood cells. Leukocytes.
Function of white blood cells. Protect the body against infection caused by bacteria and other microorganisms.
White blood cells that engulf and destroy bacteria at the site of an infection through phagocytosis. Phagocytes.
White blood cells that produce antibodies that react with an antigen and inactivate it. Lymphocyte.
Disease-causing organism. Pathogen.
Function of platelets. Form blood clots.
Shape of platelets. Tiny, irregularly shaped.
A plasma protein that forms a net over the wound to trap blood cells and forms a clot. Fibrin.
True or False: Red blood cells are larger than white blood cells. False, white blood cells are larger than white blood cells.
Shape of a red blood shell. Disk-shaped, dent in the middle.
Which system is responsible for transport? Circulatory system.
Process by which substances move into or out of cells or are distributed within cells. Transport.
True or False: The human circulatory system is a closed system because blood is located in vessels. True.
Three types of vessels. Veins, arteries, and capillaries.
Where do arteries carry blood? Away from the heart.
How do arteries expand and contract? Your pulse, or heartbeat.
Largest artery. Aorta.
True or False: Arteries are very thin and typically weak. False, they are thick and muscular because of the forceful pump of blood from the heart.
Where do veins bring blood? To the heart.
True or False: Veins are thin and long. True.
Veins contain _____________ that stop blood from flowing backwards. Valves.
Flap-like tissues that allow the blood to flow in only one direction, towards the heart. Valves.
Which type of blood flows in most veins? Deoxygenated blood.
The smallest blood vessel that is only one cell thick. Capillaries.
Three functions of capillaries. Connect arteries to veins, exchange materials between blood and body tissues, diffusion.
Function of the heart. Acts as a pump whose rhythmic contractions make blood flow through the vessels.
How many chambers does the heart have? Four.
Upper chambers of the heart. Atria.
Lower chambers of the heart. Ventricles.
Separates oxygenated from de-oxygenated blood. Septum.
Trick to figure out which side of the heart has oxygen and which does not. Dr. Lo.
Largest vein. Vena Cava.
Type of circulation that involves carrying blood from the heart and lungs. Pulmonary circulation.
Type of circulation that involves carrying blood between the heart and the rest of the body. Systematic circulation.
Type of circulation that supplies blood to the muscles of the heart. Coronary circulation.
Type of circulation that involves transport from the digestive tract to the liver. Hepatic portal circulation.
Type of circulation that involves to and from the kidney. Renal circulation.
Type of circulation that involves returning intracellular fluid to the blood. Lymphatic circulation.
Created by: emarciante9