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Toxicology Vocab

Unit 6 Toxicology vocabulary

QuestionAnswer
Route of exposure How a toxin enters your body.
Target What the toxin is affecting
Inhalation A route of exposure where a toxin enters the body by breathing it in.
Absorption A route of exposure where a toxin enters the body through skin contact.
Ingestion A route of exposure where a toxin enters the body by eating or drinking it.
Injection A route of exposure where a toxin enters the body by using a needle to administer a toxin into your bloodstream.
Acute exposure Exposure to a relatively large dose of toxin over a relatively short period of time (hours/days).
Chronic Exposure Exposure to a smaller dose of a toxin over a longer period of time (months/years)
Dose The amount of toxin an organism takes in (milligrams per kilogram of body weight)
Mechanism of action How the toxin is affecting the target (what problems does it cause the target?)
Form of a substance The chemical or physical make up of the toxin (phase, chemical formula)
Synergism When 2 or more chemicals are in the body at the same time, the effects of these toxins are heightened/increased.
Antagonism When 2 or more chemicals are in the body at the same time, the effects of these toxins are lowered/decreased.
Created by: nmorris