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Biology 13.1-13.2

TermDefinition
RNA Is a nucleic acid that directs the production of proteins
Transcription The process of changing DNA into RNA
Codon Is the three base "word" of mRNA used to determine the amino acid
Transfer RNA job is to carry an amino acid to the ribosome and find the correct codon.
Translation Determining the amino acid sequence that corresponds to the codon
Anti-codon Found on the tRNA molecule and has the complementary bases to an mRNA codon
Exons Are spliced back together to form the mRNA molecule
polypeptide A protein is made of a ________________chain of amino acids
Messenger RNA job is to carry encoded information to the ribosome.
Intron The segment of the DNA that is cut out prior to becoming mRNA
Ribosomal RNA Forms an important part of the subunits of the ribosome
Differences of DNA and RNA: Uracil RNA contains ______________ instead of Thymine
Differences of DNA and RNA: Ribose RNA contains _______________ instead of Deoxyribose
Differences of DNA and RNA: Single Stranded RNA is generally __________________ instead of double standed
Why is RNA important? RNA are involved in making proteins and RNA controls the assembly of amino acids into proteins
Cytoplasm This is where Protein synthesis takes place
When transcribing from DNA to mRNA what is the opposite of (A) Adenine? (U) Uracil
What is the mRNA strand from this DNA strand? DNA: CAC TGT GUG ACA
What is the mRNA strand from this DNA strand? DNA: ACA GTG UGU CAC
Created by: hranson