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Anatomy L2 (LJ)

College level histology study for anatomy

Tissue Group of cells which preform a specific function.
Epithelia functions Protection (skin), Absorption (intestines), Secretion (glands), Excretion (kidneys). Also makes tubes in the body, the tubes are wrapped epithelial tissue.
4 basic types of tissues Epithelium (cellular sheets), connective (fibrous, supportive), muscle (contractile proteins), neural (electrically conductive).
Epithelial tissues have 5 main functions Cellular, polarity, basement membranes (including basal lamina), avascular, regeneration.
Epidermis Outer skin, above dermis. Has many layers of epithelium sheets, can regenerate. Doesn't bleed unless dermis is cut. Nutrients enter under basement membrane.
Dermis Tough leather like layer, largest layer, carries lots of veins and arteries.
Hypodermis (subcutaneous layer) "Hypodermic needles" - must go deep to that layer of the integumentary system. Fat in hypodermis.
Mucous membrane Thin, makes mucus. Found around nose/ in nose, vagina, penis, rectum and eyes. Exposed to external environment. KEEPS MOISTURE.
Serous membrane Covers organs/ lines body cavities making lubricant to aid organs as they move. Extremely thin (ex: pleural, pericardial and peritoneal cavities).
Synovial fluid Lines joint cavities - provides for exchange of fluids/ solutes between the joint cavity and the adjacent tissues.
Cutaneous "membrane" (skin) Covers the body. It is thick, relatively waterproof, abrasion resistant.
Created by: 1037022213037652



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