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Chapter 1

Ozone A molecule made up of 3 oxygen atoms; considered a pollutant in the lower atmosphere; upper atmosphere it shields against potentially harmful rays from the sun.
Ultraviolet Light (UV) Can damage living tissue (sunburn) because it has shorter wavelengths and higher energy than visible light.
Holes in the ozone can lead to: Increase in skin cancer, cataracts; agricultural problems, damage to crops; ecological problems, harm to marine life
Environment The physical, chemical, and biological conditions that affect organisms.
Biotic Living components of an environment.
Abiotic Physical and chemical components of the environment (temp, humidity, cloud cover)
Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) Refrigerant chemicals when released into the atmosphere, it is thinned (stratospheric zone)
Biological Environment The different bacterial diseases during your life and the frequency isn which you are exposed to new pathogens, plants and animals.
Culture Bases what we do and interact with
Science A formal process to gain new and knowledgable information (evidence).
Environmental Science Study of the influence humans have on the environment and environment on humans; sometimes attempts to find ways of reducing human harm to environment.
The Scientific Process Observation; Hypothesis; Test of Hypothesis; Data Collection; Analysis; Communication
Stratosphere Layer of Earth's atmosphere beginning at an elevation of 10 km to 50 km above sea level.
Natural Phenomena Ex. Sunrise, weather, fog, thunder, tornadoes, volcanic eruptions, earthquakes
Theory A scientific hypothesis that has been tested in many different ways and proven correct in all situations.
Precautionary Principle Advises that precautionary measures should be taken to protect human and/or the environments health; "better safe than sorry"
Fabrication Makes up data or results
Falsification Tampering or changing to alter outcome
Plagiarism Using other's ideas of procedures
Preservation Ethic Emphasizes the protection of natural ecosystems in their original unspoiled states. (Muir)
Conservation Ethic A philosophy of resource management that promotes the efficient use of natural resources to provide the greatest good to the greatest number of people. (Pinchot)
Conservation Preservation wise use, or restoration of species, ecosystems, or natural resources. (Roosevelt)
Ecological Footprint Environmental impact of a human population as the area of land/sea needed to produce the resources it consumes and to absorb the wastes it produces.
Renewable Resources Wood, crops, forage for animals, fish for human consumption, forests for absorbing carbon dioxide
Nonrenewable Resources Minerals or fossil fuels
Environmental Ethics Branch of philosophy that concerns the moral responsibilities of humans with regard to the environment.
Anthropocentric Human centered, perspectives of nature; humans not a part, but owners
Biocentric Centered on life from all forms
Ecocentric Centered on entire ecosystem
Land Ethic Eccentric system of environmental ethics proposed by Leopold to promote the integrity, stability and beauty of biological community.
Environmental Justice Fair treatment and meaningful involvement of all people in the development, implication and enforcement of environmental laws and regulations
Sustainability The wise use of resources to ensure and live healthy lives without compromising the welfare of future generations.
Created by: jae_moore