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Microbiology Alexis

Microbiology Chapter 10-Part 2

TermDefinition
diphtheria a disease caused by the microorganism bacillus corynebacterium; diphtheria appears as a severe throat infection and fever
diplococci pairs of bacteria
endospore a dormant, non-reproductive structure reduced by a small number of bacteria, with the primary function to ensure survival through periods of environmental stress
Epstein-Bar virus (EPV) a common characterized by fever, sore throat, and swollen lymph glands; other symptoms such as liver concern, swollen spleen, or heart or nervous system involvement rarely occur and this disease is almost never fatal
etiologic agent causative agent of a disease
facultative anaerobic bacteria grow with or without oxygen
flagella long, threadlike appendage on protozoa that assist with movement
fungi mold
gram negative a cell wall's lack of dye color under a microscope
gram positive a cell wall's retention of dye color under a microscope
Gram stain a procedure to differentiate cells into two specific groups using special dyes
hepatitis inflammation of the liver that is caused by several viruses
hepatitis A also called infectious hepatitis, a bloodborne disease transmitted by person-to-person contact or by ingestion of contaminated water or food; symptoms are generally flu-like but could result in acute liver injury
hepatitis B also called serum hepatitis, a bloodborne disease primarily transmitted through contaminated needles and syringes; symptoms include loss of appetite, digestive upset, upper abdominal pain, fever, weakness, muscle pain, and jaundice
hepatitis C also called non-A and non-B, a bloodborne disease primarily transmitted through contaminated needles and syringes; symptoms are similar to hepatitis B
hepatitis D also called the delta agent, a bloodborne disease transmitted through contaminated needles and syringes; symptoms include loss of appetite, digestive upset, upper abdominal pain, fever, weakness, muscle, and jaundice
hepatitis E a bloodborne disease transmitted through contaminated water and food with symptoms including loss of appetite, dark urine, fatigue, and nausea
herpes simplex common and troublesome viral disease
herpes simplex virus type 1 a viral disease usually associated with infections of the lips, mouth, and face that is spread by contact with a fluid-filled lesion, or vesicle
herpes simplex virus type 2 a STD that displays fluid-filled lesions, or vesicles, on the sex organs or within the oral cavity
herpetic whitlow exposure to the herpes virus that manifests itself as a crusting ulceration on the fingers or hands; may be very painful
human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) the AIDS virus ultimately destroys immune system cells
Created by: bookworm2000