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US Government 18-19

the vocab

shield law a law which gives reporters some protection against having to disclose their sources or reveal other confidential information and legal proceedings
symbolic speech expression by conduct; communication ideas through facial expressions, body language, or by carrying signs, or wearing an arm band
picketing patrolling of a business site by workers who are on strike
assemble together with one another order to express views on public matters
content neutral the government may not regulate assemblys on the basis on what might be said
right of association the right to associate with others to promote political, economic, and other social causes
establishment clause separates church and state
parochial church-related, as in school
free exercise clause the second part of the constitutional guarantee of religious freedom, which guarantees to each person the right to believe whatever he or she chooses to believe in matters of religion
libel false or malicious use of printed words
slander false or malicious use of spoken words
sedition the crime of attempting to overthrow the government by force, or to disrupt its lawful acivities by violent acts
seditious speech the advocation or urging, of an attempt to overthrow the government by force, or to disrupt its lawful activities with violence
civilian tribunal a court operating as part of the judicial branch, entirely separate from the military establishment
bill of rights the first 10 amendments to the constitution
civil liberties the guarantees of the safety of persons, opinions, and property from the arbitrary acts of government, including freedom of speech and religion
civil rights a term used for those positive acts of government that seek to make constitutional guarantees a reality for all people
alien foreign-born resident, or non-citizen
due process clause part of 14th amendment which guarantees that no state deny basic rights to its people
process of incorperation the process of incorperation or including most of the guarantees in the Bill of Rights into the 14th amendments due process clause
certificate a method of putting an case before the supreme court
majority opinion announces the court's decision in a case and sets out the reasoning upon which it is based
precedent court decision that stands as an example to be followed in future, similar cases
concurring opinion written explanation of the views of one or more judges who support a decision reached by a majority the court, but wish to add or emphasize a point that was not made in the majority decision
dissenting opinion written explanation of the views of one or more judges who disagree with a decision reached by a majority of the court
redress satisfaction of a claim payment
courts martial a court composed of military personnel, for the trial of those accused of military law.
original jurisdiction the power of account to hear a case first, before any other court
appellate jurisdiction the authority of a court to review decisions of lower courts
criminal case a case in which a defendant is tried for committing a crime as defined by the law
civil case a case involving a non criminal matter such as a contract dispute or a claim of patent infringement
docket a court's list of cases to be heard
writ of certiorari an order by a higher court directing a lower court to send up the record in a given case for review
inferior curts the lower federal courts beneath the supreme court
jurisdiction the authority of a court to hear the case
exclusive jurisdiction power of the federal courts alone to hear certain cases
concurrent jurisdiction power shared by federal and state courts to hear certain cases
plaintiff in civil law, the part who brings a suit or some other legal action against another (defendant) in court
defendant in civil suit, the person against whom a court action is brought by the plaintiff; in a criminal case, the person charged with the crime
Created by: me1915181



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