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Biology 4.1

Only the most inspirational study of organisms out there *:)

questionanswer
the study of carbon compounds is called what? organic chemistry
how do carbon atoms form diverse molecules? by bonding to atlwast four other atoms
a small group of chemical groups is key to what? functioning of biological molecules
carbon is what in relation to life? the backbone
plants use solar energy to transform CO2 and form what? molecules of life
carbon is unparalleled in it's ability to form what types of molecules? large, complex, and diverse ones
what has made possible the diversity of organisms? the diversity of carbon
Proteins, DNA, carbohydrates, and other molecules are bonded in what ways? to each other and to atoms of other elements
other "living" matter compounds consist of what 5 compounds other than carbon? hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, sulfur, and phosphorusc
compounds containing carbon are called what? organic
most organic compounds tend to contain what in addition to carbon atoms? hydrogen atoms
what major elements of life in block form? CHONSP
different species/individuals of a species vary in what type of molecules? organic molecules
chemists made simple compounds in what time period? the early 1800's
Vitalism by Jakob is a belief that what is outside chemical and physical laws? a life force
inorganic salt an attempt in 1828 by Wohler trying to make inoragnic salt by mixing a solution of ammonia and cynate ions but ended up with what? urea
who made an organic compound from inorganic substance? Hermmane Kolbe
abiotic nonliving sythesis of living compounds a text written by Stanley miller in 1953 through his Miller experiments testing early earth conditions a text written by Stanley miller in 1953 through his Miller experiments testing early earth conditions
mechanism physical and chemical laws govern all phenomenon
the foundation of organic chemistry is not some intangible life force, but the unique chemical versatility of the element carbon
When Miller tried the experiment without electrical discharge, no organic compounds were found. the spark could provides energy needed for inorganic molecules in the atmosphere to react with each other
What if Miller increased the concentration of NH3 in his experiment, how might the relative amounts of the products HCN and CH2O have differed? because the concentration of the reactants influences the equilibrium there might be more HCN relative to CH2O, since there would be higher concentrations of the reactant gas that causes hydrogen
What conclusion can Stanley Miller draw when he found amino acids in his experiment? Amino acids are essential for living organisms. Their synthesis from gases of primitive atmosphere on earth demonstrates that life's molecules could initially have been synthesized from non living molecules
Created by: tearsia