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Science Bowl Sci 1

QuestionAnswer
What is the ‘brain’ of a cell? Nucleus
What is the job of the vacuole(s) in a cell? Storage
What cell part creates energy from scratch materials Mitochondria
Name one thing a plant cell has that an animal cell does not have. A cell wall, chloroplast, or 1 large vacuole rather than many small ones.
Explain why animal cells do not have a cell wall. We need to be able to move and be flexible
Give an example of a unicellular organism. Bacteria
Give an example of a producer in a food chain Tree, Grass, tulip, apple, carrots,etc
Give an example of a consumer in food chain Rabbit, dog, fly, human
Give an example of a producer, primary consumer, and secondary consumer in a food chain. Lettuce, rabbit, hawk
What three things do plants need in order to survive? Water, carbon dioxide, and sunlight
What part of a plant takes in water? Roots
Where does photosynthesis take place in a plant? Leaves
What is the food making process in plant called? Photosynthesis
What part of a plant is used to attract insects and other animals? Petals
Describe the leaves of a dicot. The veins in the leaves are branched.
Describe the leaves of a monocot The veins in the leaves are parallel.
Give an example of a nonvascular plant. Moss
Explain what a nonvascular plant is. A plant that does not have a stem or root system.
An animal that does not have a backbone is known as what? Invertibrate
An animal that has a backbone is known as what? Vertibrate
Give one example of a mammal. Human, dog, whale, rabbit
Is a frog a reptile or an amphibian? Amphibian
Define ecosystem. All of the living and nonliving things interacting in an environment.
Name an animal that could be found in a desert ecosystem Lizards, snakes, coyote
Name an animal that could be found in an ocean ecosystem. Shark, dolphin, whale, swordfish
Give an example of an abiotic part of an ecosystem Rocks, water, sun, air, soil
Give an example of a biotic part of an ecosystem. Anything living: plants, animals, bacteria, fungus
What does the root word “bio” mean? Living
Before a species becomes extinct, it is in what category? Endangered
Before a species becomes endangered, it is in what category? Threatened
What percent of energy is passed along from one level to another in an energy pyramid? 10%
Where does Earth’s original source of energy come from The sun
What does the prefix “a” mean? NOT
An animal that eats only meat is known as a Carnivore
An animal that eats only plants is known as an: herbivore
An animal that eats both plants and meat is known as an: omnivore
In this type of symbiotic relationship, both organisms benefit Mutualism
In this type of symbiotic relationship, one organism benefits while the other is neither helped nor harmed. Commensalism
In this type of symbiotic relationship, one organism is helped and the other is harmed or killed. Parasitism
Each day the Earth spins on its axis. This is known as what Rotation
Each year the Earth goes around the Sun. This is known as what Revolution
What is the largest planet? Jupiter
Name one of the four gas giants Saturn, Jupiter, Uranus, or Nepture
What is the third planet from the sun Earth
What is the sun? a star
What are stars made of? Gas
When Earth’s plates move away from each other it is known as Tension or diverging plates
When Earth’s plates move together it is known as Compression or converging plates
What causes an earthquake? When Earth's plates move.
What type of volcano is formed from thick lava that falls in chunks? Cinder cone volcano
What type of volcano is not very tall and is formed from thin lava Shield volcano
What type of volcano is formed from lava that gets sandwiched between layers of ash Composite cone volcano
A sea breeze comes from which direction? The Sea
A land breeze comes from which direction? The Land
What is the climate like on the windward side of a mountain? Rainy
What is the weather like at the top of a mountain Cold
What is the climate like at the bottom of the leeward side of a mountain Hot and dry
What is matter? Anything that has mass and takes up space.
What is the smallest form of matter on earth? An atom
What are the three parts of an atom Proton, Neutron, and electron
Name two physical properties of matter. color, size, texture, weight, mass, volume, density
What is the change of state when a gas turns to a liquid? Condensation
What is the change of state when a liquid turns to a gas Evaporation
What is the change of state when a solid skips the liquid stage and changes straight into a gas? Sublimation
Give an example of a physical change. Tearing paper, folding a shirt, cutting wood
Give an example of a physical change. Burning wood, mixing baking soda and vinegar, baking a cake
Name three characteristics of a chemical change. Heat, change in color, and produces a gas or bubbles.
Give two examples of an acid. Vinegar and lemon juice
Give two examples of a base soap and baking soda
What is the freezing point of water 32 degrees F
What is the boiling point of water? 212 degrees F
What is speed? How fast an objects position changes over time
What is velocity speed and direction
What is acceleration? an objects change in velocity over time or change in speed or direction
Any push or pull from one object to another is what Force
What force pulls matter towards Earth and gives us weight? Gravity
Which force opposes the motion of one object moving past another? Friction
What type of energy does matter have when it is at rest? Potential
What type of energy does matter have when it is moving Kinetic
State the Law of Conservation of Energy Energy cannot be created or destroyed, it can only change form.
What material conducts heat well? Metal
What material does not conduct heat well? Wood or plastic
What three ways is energy transferred? Conduction, convection, and radiation
What type of energy transfer is used when energy is transferred through empty space or air? Radiation
What type of energy transfer is used when energy is transferred through direct contact? Conduction
What type of energy transfer is used when energy is transferred through a gas or liquid by the movement of currents? Convection
Created by: cheath145