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History Voc.

Alluvial Soil a fine-grained fertile soil deposited by water flowing over flowing over flood plains or in river beds.
Wadi streambeds that remain dry until a heavy rain.
Phosphate a chemical used in fertilizers. Deposits of chromium, gold, lead, manganese, and zinc are sprinkled across the region.
Oasis a small fertile or green area in a desert region, usually having a spring or well.
Pastoralism the raising and grazing of livestock, is a way of life for people who live in a steppe climate.
Ethnic diversty or differences among groups based on their languages, customs, and beliefs.
Infrastructure basic urban necessities like streets and utilities.
Domesticate or take them from the wild and make them useful to people.
Culture hearth centers where cultures developed and from which ideas and traditions spread outward.
Cuneiform wedge-shaped symbols written on wet clay tablets that were then baked to harden them.
Hieroglyphics and invented a form of picture writing called
Monotheism belief in one God.
Prophet messengers, that included Abraham and Jesus.
Mosque a house of worship where Muslims pray.
Nationalism belief in the right of an ethnic group to have its own independent country.
Nationalize placed under government control
Embargo a ban on trade
Ziggurat mud-brick temples
Bedouin desert nomads
Bazaar This traditional marketplace is a bustling area ranging from a single street of stalls to an entire district in a large city.
Arable suitable for farming
Commodity economic goods
Petrochemical petrochemicals products derived from petroleum or natural gas to make fertilizers, medicines, plastics, and paints.
Gross Domestic Product is the value of goods and services produced in a country in a year.
Hajj pilgrimage, to Makkah in Saudi Arabia.
Atlas Mountains extends across Morocco and Algeria. Enough precipitation falls on the northern side of these mountains to water the coastal regions, making them ideal for farming.
Caucasus Mountains rise north of Mount Ararat between the Black Sea and Caspian Sea.
Arabian Peninsula To the east, the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden separate the Arabian Peninsula from Africa.
Persian Golf The Persian Gulf frames this peninsula on the east, and the Arabian Sea borders it on the south.
Sinai Peninsula To the northwest, the Gulf of Suez and the Gulf of Aqaba flank the Sinai Peninsula.
Anatolia To the north, the peninsula of Anatolia points west to the Aegean Sea.
Dead Sea sits at the mouth of the Jordan River.
Caspian Sea In Central Asia, the Caspian Sea is the largest inland body of water on Earth. This sea laps the shores of both Asia and Europe.
Aral Sea East of the Caspian Sea is the Aral Sea.
Nile River Egypt’s Nile River is the world’s longest river at 4,160 miles (6,693 km).
Tigris River and Euphrates River which flow mainly through Iraq. A complex irrigation network has watered the valley and supported farming there for 7,000 years.
Sahara the largest desert in the world at about 3.5 million square miles (about 9.1 million sq. km), covers most of North Africa.
Rub' al-Khali or Empty Quarter, has the largest area of sand in the region.
Kara-Kum or black sand desert, covers most of Turkmenistan.
Gulf of Aqaba and Strait of Hormuz linking the Persian Gulf with the Arabian Sea
Aswan High Dam The Aswan Dam is an embankment dam built across the Nile at Aswan, Egypt between 1898 and 1902.
Created by: Buddy22



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