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World Geography

Vocabulary Flashcards

TermDefinition
Alluvial soil a fine-grained fertile soil deposited by water flowing over flood plains or in river beds.
Wadi a valley, ravine, or channel that is dry except in the rainy season.
Phosphate an effervescent soft drink containing phosphoric acid, soda water, and flavoring.
Oasis the branch of agriculture concerned with the raising of livestock.
Ethnic diversity to policies of promoting the maintenance of cultural diversity, to policies in which people of various ethnic and religious groups are addressed by the authorities as defined by the group .
Infrastructure the basic physical and organizational structures and facilities needed for the operation of a society or enterprise.
Domesticate tame and keep it as a pet or for farm produce.
Culture hearth Cultural hearths are civilizations that have cultural influence around the world.
Cuneiform a system of writing first developed by the ancient Sumerians of Mesopotamia c.
Hieroglyphics characters in any system of writing in which symbols represent objects (such as tools, animals, or boats) and ideas.
Monotheism the doctrine or belief that there is only one God.
Prophet a person who speaks for God or a deity, or by divine inspiration.
Mosque a Muslim place of worship.
Nationalism patriotic feeling, principles, or efforts.
Nationalize transfer (a major branch of industry or commerce) from private to state ownership or control.
Embargo an official ban on trade or other commercial activity with a particular country.
Ziggurat were a form of temple common to the Sumerians, Babylonians and Assyrians of ancient Mesopotamia.
Bedouin a nomadic Arab of the desert.
Bazaar a market in a Middle Eastern country.
Arable used or suitable for growing crops.
Commodity a raw material or primary agricultural product that can be bought and sold, such as copper or coffee.
Petrochemical relating to or denoting substances obtained by the refining and processing of petroleum or natural gas.
Gross domestic product the total value of goods produced and services provided in a country during one year.
Hajj the fifth pillar of Islam is a pilgrimage to Mecca during the month of Dhu al-Hijja; at least once in a lifetime a Muslim is expected to make a religious journey to Mecca and the Kaaba
Atlas Mountains an Asian river; a tributary of the Euphrates River
Caucasus Mountains the mountain range in Caucasia between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea that forms part of the traditional border between Europe and Asia
Arabian Peninsula a peninsula between the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf; strategically important for its oil resources
Persian Gulf a war fought between Iraq and a coalition led by the United States that freed Kuwait from Iraqi invaders; 1990-1991
Sinai Peninsula a peninsula in northeastern Egypt; at north end of Red Sea
Anatolia a peninsula in southwestern Asia that forms the Asian part of Turkey
Dead Sea a saltwater lake on the border between Israel and Jordan; its surface in 1292 feet below sea level
Caspian Sea a large saltwater lake between Iran and Russia fed by the Volga River; the largest inland body of water in the world
Aral Sea a lake to the east of the Caspian Sea lying between Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan
Nile River the world's longest river (4150 miles); flows northward through eastern Africa into the Mediterranean; the Nile River valley in Egypt was the site of the world's first great civilization
Tigris River an Asian river; a tributary of the Euphrates River
Euphrates River a river in southwestern Asia; flows into the Persian Gulf; was important in the development of several great civilizations in ancient Mesopotamia
Sahara the world's largest desert (3,500,000 square miles) in northern Africa
Rub’ al-Khali a desert in southern Saudi Arabia
Kara-Kum a desert in Turkmenistan to the south of the Aral Sea
Gulf of Aqaba a northeastern arm of the Red Sea; between the Sinai Peninsula (Egypt) and Saudi Arabia
Strait of Hormuz a strategically important strait linking the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman
Aswan High Dam one of the world's largest dams on the Nile River in southern Egypt
Created by: kweenkeke