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ES Topic 8

Water and Climate

QuestionAnswer
Capillarity the process by which water is drawn into openings due to the attractive force between water molecules and the surrounding Earth materials
climate overall view of a regions weather, including averages and extremes
Ground water the subsurface water below the water table
Hydrologic cycle the movement and the phase changes of water at and near earth’s surface
Infiltrate (seep) water sinking into the upper part of Earth’s lithosphere, due to gravity
permeability the ability of a material to allow fluids such as water to pass through it
porosity the percentage of open space(pores and cracks) in a material compared to its total volume
Prevailing winds winds that blow from a certain direction for a large part of the year
runoff precipitation that can flow over earth’s surface
sorted when all the particles are the similar in size, density or shape
Stream discharge amt of water passing a spot in a stream in a given period of time (ex. liters per minute)
urbanization increase in population of city environments
Water cycle a model or diagram used to show the phase changes of water
Water retention storing or retaining precipitation as ice, snow, or water at Earth’s surface.
Water table the border (interface) between the zones of water saturation and aeration.
Created by: etucci