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Human Body Systems

QuestionAnswer
Provides _________ to the body Support
_______ Internal organs Protects
Works with the ________ system to move the body Muscular
______ Red blood cells Produces
_______ calcium, fat and other minerals Stores
What is the outermost covering? The periosteum
What is the dense tissue? Compact bone
What is the softer part on the bone? Spongy bone
Where are blood cells made? Bone marrow
What is a joint? Where 2 or more bones meet
What connects bones to other bones to provide support? Ligaments
What connects muscles to bones? Tendons
What is found between two bones? Cartilage
What does cartilage do? It serves as a cushion and a shock absorber
What is the main function of the muscular system? To assist the skeletal system in moving the body.
What muscles are found in our internal organs? Smooth Muscles
Are smooth muscles voluntary or involuntary? Involuntary
What muscles are mostly attached to the skeleton? Skeletal Muscles
Are skeletal muscles voluntary or involuntary? Voluntary
What muscles are found in the heart? Cardiac Muscles
Are cardiac muscles voluntary or in voluntary? Involuntary
What is the function of the endocrine system? The endocrine system’s function is to regulate the body and its functions.
What is a hormone? Chemical produced by glands that regulate and control our body systems
How is the endocrine system different from the nervous system? Nervous - faster messages. Sent from neuron to neuron across synapses Endocrine - slower messages, but the effects last longer. Glands secrete hormones into the bloodstream.
What is the difference between an endocrine (hormone) gland and a salivary, sweat, or oil gland? Endocrine glands produce hormones to be used as chemical messengers in the body; the other glands produce oils,water and/or saliva- which are not hormones.
Pituitary “Master Gland” regulates growth and reproduction
Thyroid regulates metabolic rate
Adrenal produces adrenaline and helps with emotional stress
Testes produces testosterone
Ovaries produces estrogen and progesterone
What is the main function of the digestive system? To breakdown food to be used as fuel for energy by the body
Name, in order, the organs through which food passes as it moves through the digestive tract: a.MOUTH b. ESOPHAGUS c.STOMACH d. SMALL INTESTINE e. LARGE INTESTINE f. RECTUM g. ANUS
Explain why your stomach lining is not digested by the acid in the stomach. THE LINING OF THE STOMACH IS COVERED WITH MUCUS
What substance is made by the liver and stored in the gallbladder? BILE IS MADE BY THE LIVER AND STORED IN THE GALL BLADDER
What is the function of this substance? BILE BREAKS DOWN FATS
What do the pancreas, liver, and gallbladder have in common? They are accessory organs - they assist in digestion, but food does not pass through them.
What is chyme and where is it produced? Chyme is a soup like liquid (digestive juices) made in the stomach.
What is the difference between mechanical and chemical digestion? MECHANICAL DIGESTION IS PHYSICALLY TEARING OR SHREDDING FOOD IN SMALLER PIECES. CHEMICAL USES CHEMICALS TO BREAK DOWN THE MATERIAL INTO A DIFFERENT SUBSTANCE.
What is the function of the small intestine? TO ABSORB NUTRIENTS INTO THE BLOODSTREAM BY DIFFUSION
What is the function of the large intestine? to absorb water and minerals
If the small intestine is longer than the large intestine why are the names not switched? The small intestine is named because of its size around, not because of its length. The small intestine is 2.5 cm wide, while the large intestine is 6 cm wide.
What is the difference between involuntary and voluntary muscles? Voluntary = you can control, Involuntary = you cannot control
Created by: carolineconner