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Rock Cycle WES

QuestionAnswer
Igneous rock comes from _______________ cooled magma
Sedimentary rock forms in: layers
Metamorphic rock has ____________ or bands of colors running through it. streaks
What does morph mean? change
What does ignite (igneous) mean? fire
A sedimentary rock might have a __________ in it. fossil
What type of rock is marble? metamorphic
What type of rock is granite and basalt? igneous
Metamorphic rock undergoes heat and _______________ pressure
What causes most erosion on earth? water
Besides water, whatis the next biggest cause of erosion on earth? wind
What is the "breaking down" of rock called? weathering
What is the "carrying away" of rock called? erosion
Mountains that are smooth and rounded over are: old
Moutains that are sharp and jagged are: young
Which igneous rock is found under most of the continents? granite
Which igneous rock is found under most of the oceans? basalt
Which rock type is formed in layers at the bottom of ocean? sedimentary
Any solid that sinks to the bottom of a liquid is called: sediment
What animal undergoes metamorphosis? caterpillar
What North American bodies of water were created by glaciers? Great Lakes
When the earth gets colder, glaciers _______________ toward the equator. advance
When the earth gets warmer, glaciers _____________ toward the poles retreat
What type of valleys do glaciers carve? u shaped
What type of valleys do rivers carve? v shaped
What type of glaciers are found in the high mountains? alpine
What forms in areas where more snow falls than melts? glaciers
What forms when a large chunk of ice breaks off of a continental glacier and falls into the ocean? iceberg
During the last _____ ________ glaciers covered much of North America. ice age
What rock has to be present for caves and caverns to form? limestone
What dissolve limestone? carbonic acid
If the ground above a cave or cavern collapses, what is formed? sinkhole
The words "LITHOS" come from the Greek word for: rock
The process after weathering and erosion when sediment comes to rest in a certain place: deposition
Created by: PRO Teacher lit123