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energy

science vocab

TermDefinition
energy The ability to cause change.
kinetic energy The energy of an object that is due to the object's motion.
potential energy The energy that an object has because of the position, condition, or chemical composition of the object
mechanical energy The sum of an object's kinetic and potential energy due to gravity or elastic deformation; does not include chemical energy or nuclear energy
energy transformation the process of energy changing from one form to into another.
law of energy conservation the law that states that energy cannot be created or destroyed but can be changed from one form to another.
kinetic theory of matter a theory that states that all of the particles that make up matter are constantly in motion.
temperature a measure of hot or cold something is; specifically, a measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in an object.
thermal energy the kinetic energy of a substance's atoms.
degree The units of a temperature scale.
thermometer an instrument for measuring and indicating temperature.
position The location of an object.
reference point a location to which another location is compared.
motion an object's change in position relative to a reference point.
speed The distance traveled divided by the time interval during which the motion occurred.
vector a quantity that has both size and direction.
velocity the speed of an object in a particular direction.
Created by: aiden05