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6 Beg. Orchestra

orchestra and music vocabulary terms

TermDefinition
music staff 5 lines that notes are placed on
treble clef placed at the beginning of the music staff, this is the clef violins use, high notes
bass clef placed at the beginning of the music staff, this is the clef the cellos and basses use, low notes, looks like a backward C
alto clef placed at the beginning of the music staff, this is the clef the violas use, mid range notes, looks like 113
measure the space between two bar lines on a music staff
sharp raises the pitch of a note by one half step, looks like a hashtag, like F# or C#
key signature sharps of flats after the clef that change certain notes throughout the entire piece
top number of the time signature tells us the number of beats or counts in a measure
bottom number of the time signature tells us the note that gets a beat or count, i.e. in 4/4 time a quarter note gets a beat
half note a note that lasts for 2 beats in 4/4 time, a note head with a stem
quarter note a note that lasts for 1 beat in 4/4 time, a solid note head with a stem
whole note a note that lasts for 4 beats in 4/4 time, a single note head, no stem
quarter rest one beat of silence in 4/4 meter
major scale a series of notes going up and down, i.e. D Major Scale
repeat sign signal to repeat a section of music. The repeat sign consists of two thick vertical barlines through the staff, with two dots
time signature Tells the meter or beats per measure and which notes equal one beat. It is the symbol next to the clef and key signature at the beginning of the piece
Notes of the D MAJOR SCALE D, E, #F, G, A, B, #C, D
bar line one vertical line on the music staff, drawn to create measures in the music
double bar line two vertical lines, drawn to show the ending of a song
Created by: Mrs.W*Orchestra