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6th Adv. Orchestra

orchestra and music vocabulary

pizzicato pluck string
legato play notes smoothly and connected
arco use bow
piano quiet, p
forte loud, f
mezzo forte medium loud, mf
mezzo piano medium quiet, mp
crescendo gradually play louder
decrescendo gradually play quieter
music staff 5 lines that notes are placed on
treble clef the clef violins use, high notes
bass clef the clef the cellos and basses use, low notes, looks like a backward C
alto clef the clef the violas use, mid range notes, looks like 113
measure the space between two bar lines on a music staff
sharp raises the pitch of a note by one half step, looks like a hashtag
key signature sharps of flats after the clef that change certain notes throughout the entire piece
top number of the time signature tells us the number of beats or counts in a measure
bottom number of the time signature tells us the note that gets a beat or count, i.e. in 4/4 time a quarter note gets a beat
half note a note that lasts for 2 beats in 4/4 time, a note head with a stem
quarter note a note that lasts for 1 beat in 4/4 time, a solid note head with a stem
whole note a note that lasts for 4 beats in 4/4 time, a single note head, no stem
eighth note a note that lasts for 1/8 of a whole note in 4/4 time. 2 grouped together with a single bar across the top represents one beat
quarter rest one beat of silence in 4/4 meter
half rest two beats of silence in 4/4 meter, looks like a top hat
rest a measured amount of silence, i.e. quarter rest
major scale a series of notes going up and down, i.e. D Major Scale
repeat sign signal to repeat a section of music. The repeat sign consists of two thick vertical barlines through the staff, with two dots
Created by: Mrs.W*Orchestra