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7/8 Orchestra Terms

orchestra and music vocabulary terms

TermDefinition
pizzicato pluck string
legato play notes smoothly and connected
arco use bow
piano quiet, p
forte loud, f
mezzo forte medium loud, mf
mezzo piano medium quiet, mp
crescendo gradually play louder
diminuendo gradually play quieter
measure the space between two bar lines on a music staff
sharp raises the pitch of a note by one half step, looks like a hashtag
key signature sharps of flats after the clef that change certain notes throughout the entire piece
top number of the time signature tells us the number of beats or counts in a measure
bottom number of the time signature tells us the note that gets a beat or count, i.e. in 4/4 time a quarter note gets a beat
half note a note that lasts for 2 beats in 4/4 time, a note head with a stem
quarter note a note that lasts for 1 beat in 4/4 time, a solid note head with a stem
whole note a note that lasts for 4 beats in 4/4 time, a single note head, no stem
eighth note a note that lasts for 1/8 of a whole note in 4/4 time. 2 grouped together with a single bar across the top represents one beat
sixteenth note a note that lasts 1/16 of a whole note in 4/4 time. 4 grouped together with two bars across the top represents one beat
quarter rest one beat of silence in 4/4 meter
half rest two beats of silence in 4/4 meter, looks like a top hat
rest a symbol of no sound
major scale a series of ascending or descending notes, the pattern of intervals is whole step, whole step, half step, whole step, whole step, whole step, half step or WWH WWWH
whole step an interval of two half steps, i.e. F to E
half step smallest space or interval between two notes, i.e. F to F sharp
articulation how the notes are attacked or started
simile continue playing music in a similar way to the previous section
tremolo repeating a note very rapidly, done by moving the bow rapidly at the tip
adagio moderately slow tempo
presto very rapid tempo
ritardando gradually slow down the speed of the beat
da capo (D.C) signals the performer to go to the beginning of the piece
dal segno (D.S.) signals the performer to go to the sign in the piece
fine marks the end of a piece
fermata A marking requiring the performer to hold the note as long as the conductor or performer sees fit.
key signature of C Major no sharps or flats
key signature of G Major F Sharp
key signature of D Major F sharp, C sharp
key signature of A Major F sharp, C sharp, G sharp
key signature of F Major B flat
key signature of Bb Major B flat, E flat
key signature of Eb Major B flat, E flat, A flat
dotted half note a note that lasts for 3 beats in 4/4 time, an open note head with a stem and a dot on the side
dotted quarter rest a note that lasts for 1 1/2 beats in 4/4 time, a closed note head with a stem and a dot on the side
Baroque Era 1600-1750 music was frilly, fancy grotesque. Bach, Vivaldi are the well known composers of this era. Chamber music or small groupings were the orchestras of the time.
Classical Era 1750-1825 music was symmetrical, simple, and had form. The string quartet and symphony were created. Mozart and Haydn are the composers of the era. Orchestras grew to include the timpani. The violin family developed to the modern instruments of today.
Romantic Era 1825-1900 Emotion-filled and patriotic. Brahms and Tchaikovsky were the composers of this era. Symphonies are very large and expanded in this era.
Contemporary (20th/21st century) 1900-today Experimental, reactions to world wars, electronics. Stravinsky and Williams are the composers of this era. Music for films, video games is popular.
Modern violin developed in the classical era. Stradivarius was a famous maker from Italy.
fiddle music used for social purposes and dances
allegro quick tempo
staccato short bows, stays on the string
spiccato short bows that bounce off the string
tie a symbol that connects two notes of the same pitch. notes values are added together and played as one long note
Mozart Classical Era, famous for operas
Haydn Classical Era, famous for string quartets and symphonies
Bach Baroque Era, famous for organ, violin, and chamber music
Vivaldi Baroque Era, famous for violin concertos and chamber music
Brahms Romantic Era, famous for large symphonies, beautiful melodies
Tchaikovsky Romantic Era, famous for ballets like the Nutcraker and Swan Lake
Stravinsky 20th Century Era, neoclassicism--classical forms with new tones and harmonies and instruments
Williams 20th/Contemporary Eras, famous for movie scores like Star Wars and Harry Potter
Created by: Mrs.W*Orchestra
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