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6th CK SCI Immune

6th CK SCIENCE Immune System Part 2 (h-n) COMPLETE

TermDefinition
Hardening of the arteries when the coronary arteries become narrowed or clogged by cholesterol and fat deposits
Heart rate the number of heartbeats per unit of time, usually expressed as beats per minute
HIV/AIDS Human Immunodieficiency Deficiency Virus; a virus that attacks the immune system and cause the disease AIDS, or Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, is the disease resulting from HIV infection. Its effects include the general failure of the immune system,
Helper T cells T cells that help control immune system function be sending other immune units to fight the invader
Immune system the units of the body (organs, tissues, cells, and cell products such as antibodies) that work together to fight disease
Immunodeficiency the loss of certain immune system functions and/or structures
Inferior vena cava lower blood vessel that carries used blood into the right side of the heart.
Inflammation response the body’s response to an injury indicated by a fever and/or swelling, redness, and pain of the injured areas due to increased blood flow to the area
Invade to enter by force to conquer
Kidney organ that filters waste from the blood.
Killer T cells T cells that attack and destroy body invaders (effector cells), they use enzymes
Left atrium chamber that receives blood from the lungs and pumps it into the left ventricle
Left ventricle chamber that pumps the blood through the aorta
Leukocytes general name for all types of white blood cells
Line of defense protective barriers that recognize, prevent and combat disease
Lymph a clear, sometimes yellowish, protein-rich fluid derived from body tissues that washes all body cells and that carries immune ; acts to remove bacteria and certain proteins from the tissues, transport fat from the small intestine, and supply mature lympho
Lymph nodes small bean-shaped “glands” located at the juncture of lymph vessels, particularly in the neck, armpits, and groin; a major part of the immune system, developing and storing white blood cells and filtering bacteria
Lymphatic System this travel and transport system delivers nutrients, collects waste, and removes germs
Lymphocyte infection-fighting cells, some mature into T-cells or B-cells; the main type of white blood cell, its job includes recognizing invaders and launching attacks on pathogens
Macrophages white blood cells that are part of the immune system. They have the ability to ingest and destroy foreign substances such as bacteria, protozoa, and cell debris; from the Greek word meaning “big eater;”
Memory cells special cells that give our bodies immunity by “remembering” certain pieces of information required for producing antibodies against specific antigens
Microbe/microorganism tiny organism that can only be seen with a microscope; especially a bacterium that causes disease
Mucus a sticky body fluid that protects delicate body surfaces such as the linings of the nose, windpipe and lungs
Natural Killer T- cells hook into infected cell and destroy with chemicals
Non-communicable disease disease that is not contagious. These can be passed down from parent to child through their genes
Created by: artisteacher