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Hydrology #1

TermDefinition
wetland a land area that is covered with water during all or part of the year
aquifer an underground layer of rock or sediment that holds water
hydrology the study of the movement, distribution, and quality of Earth's water
freshwater water that is characterized by having low concentrations of dissolved salt
hydrosphere the combination of all water found on, under, and above the surface of Earth
groundwater water that fills the cracks and spaces in underground soil and rock layers
infiltration the process by which water on the ground surface enters the soil
water cycle the continual process by which water moves from Earth's surface to the atmosphere and back
atmospheric conditions the state of the atmosphere in terms of temperature, wind, clouds, and precipitation
runoff water that flows over the ground surface rather than soaking into the ground
evaporation the process by which liquid water escapes into the air as water vapor
condensation the process by which water vapor in the air becomes liquid water
transpiration the process by which plants drink in water from the soil and lose water through evaporation
water conservation strategies to manage fresh water, protect water environments, and meet human demand
artesian well a well in which water rises because of pressure within the aquifer
watershed the land area that supplies water to a river system
divide a ridge of land that separates one watershed from another
saturated zone a layer of permeable rock or soil in which the cracks and pores are totally filled with water
water table the top of the saturated zone; how far you must dig to reach groundwater
precipitation any form of water that falls from clouds and reaches Earth's surface
Created by: Rita.Rogers