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6 CK ENERGY SET 4

6th CK SCIENCE HEAT & ENERGY SET 4 (s-w +diatoms!) COMPLETED

TermDefinition
Specific heat the amount of heat required to raise the temperature of one kilogram of a substance by one kelvin.
Sublimation solids that are heated and turn directly into a gas without ever becoming a liquid (ex. Carbon dioxide [dry ice], iodine)
Temperature: measures how fast object particles are moving (measures kinetic energy)
Thermal energy internal energy of an object due to the kinetic energy of its atoms and/or molecules.
Thermal expansion the expansion of matter when it is heated.
Thermometer an instrument that uses alcohol, a crystal, or mercury to measure the temperature of an object
Thermostat a device that regulates temperature
Thermogram image of an object made by measuring the infrared light it gives off
Three Mile Island The location of an accident in 1979 in a nuclear power plant
Toxic waste A general term used to refer to chemical compounds produced by industry which, if they are ingested or breathed in by humans, can cause physiological damage.
Uranium 235 the most common fuel used by fission reactors to create nuclear power
Vaporization the process by which matter changes from the liquid to the gas state.
Viscosity the resistance of a liquid to flow
Wave Energy any form of energy that travels in waves: sound, light and electromagnetic energy
Work the transfer of energy
Diatoms the layer of materials formerly known as dead animals; used to make oil and natural gas
Created by: artisteacher