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Water Cycle

QuestionAnswer
precipitation This is the water that falls from the sky in liquid or solid forms. Examples are rain, snow, sleet, and hail.
water vapor water molecules in the air; found in the form of a gas
condensation This is what occurs when gas changes into a liquid. Clouds, dew, frost, and fog are all forms of condensation.
transpiration This is what happens when leaves change water to vapor and release it into the air. The leaves "sweat" the water out.
run-off rain water that flows over mountains, hills, and plains as well and with it it takes rocks and other small sediments into a lake or river
groundwater underground water that is held in the soil and in rocks
surface water natural water that has not penetrated much below the surface of the ground
evaporation the process that allows water molecules to escape into the air; water changes from a liquid to a gas
infiltration happens when water soaks into the soil from the ground level; causes groundwater
fog water vapor that has condensed near the Earth's surface
dew forms when droplets of water condense from the air onto cool surfaces of the ground when the temperature is above freezing
frost forms when droplets of water condense from the air onto cool surfaces of the ground when the temperature is below freezing
rain water that falls in temperatures above freezing
snow forms when tiny supercooled droplets freeze and stay frozen because of the cold temperature
sleet precipitation that freezes then melts and re-freezes near the earth's surface
hail forms when water droplets in clouds freeze, and storm winds blow droplets higher into the clouds where they become larger
How do clouds form? They form at cooler temperatures when water vapor condenses in tiny droplets around small particles such as dust and salt.
another name for water cycle hydrologic cycle
What powers the water cycle? the sun
Water can only be stored as ______________ for a short time. Water vapor
_______________ determines which form of precipitation is formed. Air temperature
What is included in atmospheric conditions? temperature, clouds, precipitation
Created by: Nisey1996