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Disorders

Understanding the pathophysiology and the basics of the disorders. Quick points.

QuestionAnswer
Iron deficiency anemia nutritional disorder iron needed for hemoglobin production thus results in depleted RBC mass, decreased hemoglobin concentration and oxygen-carrying capacity of blood
Sickle cell disease genetic disorder producing abnormal RBC's that get trapped in vasculature
ITP acquired hemorrhagic disorder that results in autoimmune destruction of platelets in the spleen occurs often between 2-10 years of age but recovers in 6 months
Hemophilia X-linked recessive disorder where deficiency in factors for blood coagulation
HIV & AIDS most often from HIV infected mom but can be adolescents with high-risk behaviors
ALL most common type and peaks at age 2-5 live 5 year rate 80%
AML common in adolescents live 5 year rate of only 40%
Leukemia a group of malignant disease of the bone marrow and lymphatics. blast cells are nonfunctional, can't fight infection, invade the bone marrow
Brain tumors 2nd most common cancer in kids peak 5-10 years
Lymphomas neoplastic diseases that develop from the lymphoid and hemopoietic systms
Hodgkin's begins in lymph node and characterized by Reed-Sternberg Cells
Non-hodgkin's proliferation of B or T lymphocytes
Wilm's tumor embryonal cancer of kidney with average diagnosis of 2-4 years
Created by: iTwiz