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Plant modifications

lecture 18

what is herbivory animals eat plants
structural adaptation the way the plant is built( eg. thorns)
behavioural adaptations the way the plant acts
plant modifications include spines, poisons, tendrils
plant poisons include alkaloids..belladonna glycosides...oleander
cacti have reduced leaves
examples of succulent leaves are aloe vera and kalanchoe
examples of bulbs which store food are onion, tulip and daffodil
carniverous plants include the venus fly trap
parasitism is an interaction that benefits one organism and negatively affects another
parasitic plants include mistletoe
commensualism an interaction which benefits one organism and is neutral to the other
examples include epiphytes. plants which grow on top of another plant
mutualism/ symbiosis both organisms benefit for example lichens
air roots pneumatophore
aerial roots are called aerophytes or epiphytes
flower with an odour of rotting animals arum
orchids attract bees by mimicary
seeds with spinners include sycamore and maple
seeds dispersed by wind include dandelion and tumbleweed
seeds dispersed by animals include burdock
Created by: MKHealy