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Medical Terminology

Chapter 1 Combining Forms, Prefixes, Suffixes

aden/o gland
arthr/o joint
bi/o life
carcin/o cancer, cancerous
cardi/o heart
cephal/o head
cerebr/o cerebrum
crin/o secrete
cyst/o urinary bladder
cyt/o cell
derm/o skin
electr/o electricity
enecphal/o brain
enter/o intestines (often small)
erythr/o red
gastr/o stomach
glyc/o sugar
gnos/o knowledge
gynec/o woman, female
hem/o, hemat/o blood
hepat/o liver
lapar/o abdomen
leuk/o white
neur/o nerve
onc/o tumor
ophthalm/o eye
oste/o bone
path/o disease
psych/o mind
rhin/o nose
sarc/o flesh
thromb/o clotting
-al pertaining to
-algia pain
-cyte cell
-ectomy cutting out, removal, excision
-emia blood condition
-globin protein
-ia condition
-ic pertaining to
-ism condition; process
-itis inflammation
-logist specialist in the study of
-logy study of
-oma tumor, mass
-opsy to `view
-osis abnormal condition
-scope instrument to visually examine
-scopy process of visual examination
-sis state of
-tomy cutting into, incision
a-, an- no, not
aut- self
dia- complete, through
dys- bad, painful, difficult, abnormal
endo- within
exo- out, outside
hyper- excessive, more than normal, too much
hypo- below, less than normal, under
peri- surrounding
pro- before
re- back
retro- behind
sub- below, under
trans- across, through
nephr/o kidney